John Mills, 17991821 (aged 22 years)

Name
John /Mills/
Given names
John
Surname
Mills
Birth 1799
Immigration February 7, 1814 (aged 15 years)
Note: On 19 Mar 1813 the Lent Assizes held at Maidstone, Kent, England heard a case involving John Mills 'the elder' (aged forty three late of the Parish of Allington in the County of Kent, a labourer), John Mills 'the younger' (aged fourteen also of the Parish of Allington, a labourer) and James Wells aged twenty seven, again of the Parish of Allington, a labourer. All three were charged with stealing pigs valued at 12 pounds, the property of Robert Fauchon. John Mills the elder was acquitted. John Mills the younger and James Wells were both sentenced to seven years commuted to transportation. Following the trial John was sent to the hulk 'Zealand' which was moored as Sheerness, to await transportation. He was held on the 'Zealand' from 19 April to 13 August 1813. He was then transferred to the convict ship 'General Hewart' (often called General Hewitt). The 'General Hewitt/Hewart' departed England on 26 Aug 1813 and arrived in Sydney on 7 Feb 1814 under the master Percy Earl. The convict indent showed John as being a 16 year old 'Farmer's boy' from Kent who was 5 feet 3 and a quarter inches tall with a fair/pale complexion, light brown hair and hazel eyes.
Census 1814 (aged 15 years)
Note: The 1814 Muster lists John as residing in the Parramatta district and working for George Best, to whom he must have been assigned as a convict labourer. (George Best was also a convict who arrived in Sydney in 1791 and received a conditional pardon in 1800). On 15 Dec 1817, John Petitioned for a Ticket of Leave which, although he would still be a convict, would allow him to work for himself. His request was granted.
MarriageMary BestView this family
June 22, 1818 (aged 19 years)
Citation details:

No 602 1818 page 180

Text:

John Mills, free, of the parish of Parramatta and Mary Best, free of ditto were married in this church by banns this 22 day of June 1818 by me Samuel Marsden Both John and Mary made their X marks in the register in the presence of Edward Fuller who signed the register and Elizabeth Fuller who made her X mark

Occupation
Agricultural labourer/farmer
May 25, 1820 (aged 21 years)

Note: John's sentence expired on 15 March 1820 and on 25 May 1820 he petitioned the Governor for a grant of land and was duly granted 50 acres.
Occupation
Bushranger
August 14, 1821 (aged 22 years)

Note: John was tried in the Criminal Court on 14 Aug 1821. He was charged with being part of a gang of bushrangers led by William Geary which had been robbing people on the Windsor Road north of Parramatta. One of the other alleged members of the gang was Samuel Beckett, the brother of Thomas Best's wife. Samuel Beckett was acquitted but John, along with several others, was found guilty and on 18 Aug 1821 was sentenced to death by hanging.
Death August 24, 1821 (aged 22 years)
Cause of death: Hanging as a result of being convicted of bushranging (see above).

Sydney Gazette, 25 August 1821

Executions. On Wednesday morning [22 August 1821] last were executed, pursuant to their sentence, the following unfortunate men, condemned to die at the present criminal sessions; viz. Francis Pasco, Pasco Haddycott, Miles Jordan, and John Ryan. Also, yesterday morning, the following started the awful sentence: William Geary, Thomas Smith, John Whiteman, John Cochrane, Charles Young, John Mills, and William Kennedy. On the verge of eternity, Geary solemnly exculpated George Bowerman (one of the three brothers that were executed some months since for a robbery on the Windsor-road) from all knowledge of the transaction for which he had innocently paid the forfeit of his life. He (Geary) declared himself to have been the man, in company with the other Bowermans that had perpetrated the robbery; and that George Bowerman was the unhappy man identified in the place of Geary. We must leave the Public to judgement, at so awful a period; but, it may be remembered, that the deceased George Bowerman positively asserted his innocence to the last moment of existence. During his trial, Geary alleged, and in fact it was proved, that he had committed no violence, no act of inhumanity; but at the place of execution, he declared that he had committed an innocent man (the father of a family) to become a sacrifice to his wanton rapacity!

Family with Mary Best
himself
17991821
Birth: 1799Kent, England, United Kingdom
Death: August 24, 1821Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
wife
18031870
Birth: October 3, 1803 45 28Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: February 13, 1870Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: June 22, 1818Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
15 months
son
18191819
Birth: September 9, 1819 20 15Toongabbie, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: after September 9, 1819
22 months
son
18211891
Birth: July 8, 1821 22 17Toongabbie, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: January 19, 1891Tangmangaroo, Southern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
James Beckett + Mary Best
partner’s partner
17931876
Birth: July 15, 1793 34 13New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1876Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
wife
18031870
Birth: October 3, 1803 45 28Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: February 13, 1870Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: 1823Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
16 months
step-son
18241896
Birth: May 1, 1824 30 20Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1896Jerilderie, Riverina, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
step-daughter
18271860
Birth: April 4, 1827 33 23Seven Hills, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: June 1, 1860Chippendale, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
17 months
step-daughter
15 months
step-son
18291880
Birth: November 22, 1829 36 26Dural, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1880New South Wales, Australia
21 months
step-daughter
18311902
Birth: August 22, 1831 38 27Castle Hill, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: June 9, 1902Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
21 months
step-daughter
18331838
Birth: May 8, 1833 39 29Dural, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1838Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
4 years
step-son
18361903
Birth: October 29, 1836 43 33Dural, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: May 29, 1903Granville, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
11 months
step-daughter
18371918
Birth: October 5, 1837 44 34Dural, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1918Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
step-son
1840
Birth: January 1, 1840 46 36New South Wales, Australia
Death:
3 years
step-son
18421920
Birth: October 27, 1842 49 39Dural, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1920Holbrook, South West Slopes, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
step-daughter
1845
Birth: June 9, 1845 51 41Pennant Hills, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death:
BirthFirst Families 2001. [database online]
CensusFirst Families 2001. [database online]
MarriageAncestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, St. John's Parramatta, Marriages, 1790-1966 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.
Citation details:

No 602 1818 page 180

Text:

John Mills, free, of the parish of Parramatta and Mary Best, free of ditto were married in this church by banns this 22 day of June 1818 by me Samuel Marsden Both John and Mary made their X marks in the register in the presence of Edward Fuller who signed the register and Elizabeth Fuller who made her X mark

DeathMote, Robert. Ozigen - Australian Genealogy: family trees of mainly Australian families with UK and Irish ancestry. [database - online]
Immigration

On 19 Mar 1813 the Lent Assizes held at Maidstone, Kent, England heard a case involving John Mills 'the elder' (aged forty three late of the Parish of Allington in the County of Kent, a labourer), John Mills 'the younger' (aged fourteen also of the Parish of Allington, a labourer) and James Wells aged twenty seven, again of the Parish of Allington, a labourer. All three were charged with stealing pigs valued at 12 pounds, the property of Robert Fauchon. John Mills the elder was acquitted. John Mills the younger and James Wells were both sentenced to seven years commuted to transportation. Following the trial John was sent to the hulk 'Zealand' which was moored as Sheerness, to await transportation. He was held on the 'Zealand' from 19 April to 13 August 1813. He was then transferred to the convict ship 'General Hewart' (often called General Hewitt). The 'General Hewitt/Hewart' departed England on 26 Aug 1813 and arrived in Sydney on 7 Feb 1814 under the master Percy Earl. The convict indent showed John as being a 16 year old 'Farmer's boy' from Kent who was 5 feet 3 and a quarter inches tall with a fair/pale complexion, light brown hair and hazel eyes.

Census

The 1814 Muster lists John as residing in the Parramatta district and working for George Best, to whom he must have been assigned as a convict labourer. (George Best was also a convict who arrived in Sydney in 1791 and received a conditional pardon in 1800). On 15 Dec 1817, John Petitioned for a Ticket of Leave which, although he would still be a convict, would allow him to work for himself. His request was granted.

Occupation

John's sentence expired on 15 March 1820 and on 25 May 1820 he petitioned the Governor for a grant of land and was duly granted 50 acres.

Occupation

John was tried in the Criminal Court on 14 Aug 1821. He was charged with being part of a gang of bushrangers led by William Geary which had been robbing people on the Windsor Road north of Parramatta. One of the other alleged members of the gang was Samuel Beckett, the brother of Thomas Best's wife. Samuel Beckett was acquitted but John, along with several others, was found guilty and on 18 Aug 1821 was sentenced to death by hanging.

DeathView

Sydney Gazette, 25 August 1821

Executions. On Wednesday morning [22 August 1821] last were executed, pursuant to their sentence, the following unfortunate men, condemned to die at the present criminal sessions; viz. Francis Pasco, Pasco Haddycott, Miles Jordan, and John Ryan. Also, yesterday morning, the following started the awful sentence: William Geary, Thomas Smith, John Whiteman, John Cochrane, Charles Young, John Mills, and William Kennedy. On the verge of eternity, Geary solemnly exculpated George Bowerman (one of the three brothers that were executed some months since for a robbery on the Windsor-road) from all knowledge of the transaction for which he had innocently paid the forfeit of his life. He (Geary) declared himself to have been the man, in company with the other Bowermans that had perpetrated the robbery; and that George Bowerman was the unhappy man identified in the place of Geary. We must leave the Public to judgement, at so awful a period; but, it may be remembered, that the deceased George Bowerman positively asserted his innocence to the last moment of existence. During his trial, Geary alleged, and in fact it was proved, that he had committed no violence, no act of inhumanity; but at the place of execution, he declared that he had committed an innocent man (the father of a family) to become a sacrifice to his wanton rapacity!