John Warby, 17671851 (aged 84 years)

Name
John /Warby/
Given names
John
Surname
Warby
Name
John /Walbey/
Given names
John
Surname
Walbey
Birth
between 1767 and 1774
Text:

The exact date of his birth is uncertain. The 1828 census lists him as aged 54 which would put his birth year at about 1774. His death certificate lists him as 84 which puts his year of birth at about 1767.

Immigration
Text:

John Walbey, one of 404 convicts transported on the ship Pitt, June 1791.
Sentence details: Convicted at Hertford Assizes for a term of 7 years on 03 March 1791.
Vessel: Pitt.
Date of Departure: June 1791.
Place of Arrival: New South Wales.

Text:

John Warby and William Deards were convicted of stealing two asses in October 1790 and sentenced to seven years transportation.

Occupation
Text:

By the end of 1792 John had been granted 50 acres at Prospect, close to Prospect Creek at the foot of Prospect Hill. On it he raised pigs and grew crops of wheat at maize.

Religious marriage
Text:

No 12. John Warby of the parish of Parramatta and Sarah Bentley married this twelvth day of Sep in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety six by me Samuel Marsden
John Warby and Sarah Bentley both signed the register with their X marks
In the presence of Charles Right who made his X mark and Sarah Backham

Text:

In a memorial to Governor Bourke in 1837, Warby stated that out of a family of 23 children born in wedlock, 11 had survived - all borne by his first and only wife Sarah.

Occupation
Explorer, constable, landholder
after 1800 (aged 33 years)
Text:

By 1801 John has eight acres under wheat and 13 under maize and 25 bushels of maize in store. He had 10 pigs and employed two men, one free and the other a 'government servant' or convict.

Warby gained increasing respect within the colony as a guide and assistant to exploration parties in the south-western region of Sydney. In 1802 he accompanied Ensign Barrallier in his attempt to find a route along the Nattai and Kowmung Rivers and Christys Creek across the Blue Mountains; and later, in 1806, he assisted the naturalist George Caley in his endeavours to retrace Barrallier's route.

Warby had an extensive knowledge of of the Camden/Appin area by the time of Macquarie's arrival in the colony. During Bligh's administration he had been appointed to the position of superintendent of the wild cattle in the Cowpastures region, with responsibility for the protection and culling of the herd.

As a constable at Camden, along with Thomas Harper, he was provided with the assistance of a military guard and a hit at Cawdor. This hut is thought to be the first building constructed by white men in the Camden district, though the exact date of construction is unknown.

After Bligh's overthrow in Jan 1808, Lieutenant Governor William Paterson made a grant of 100 acres to Warby; however this was rescinded by Macquarie on his arrival in the colony - as were all grants issued by the military administration in the period 1808-1809.

On 22 July 1814, Macquarie authorized Warby and John Jackson to lead an armed party of twelve Europeans and four native guides to track down and capture five Aboriginals who had been identified as responsible for a recent series of attacks on white settlers (Goondel (chief of the Gandangarra tribe), Bottagallie, Murrah, Yellamun, and Wallah). The party returned without making contact. Three months later, in September 1814, Warby and several native trackers assisted a party of soldiers sent in pursuit of the bushranger Patrick Collins, who had been robbing and murdering settlers in the Hawkesbury area. They led the soldiers to Collins' hiding place and when Collins tried to escape the Aboriginal trackers speared him in the leg and arm - he was overpowered and brought to trial in Sydney.

Although instructed to assist the party of soldiers sent out in April 1816, under the command of Captain Wallis, to take prisoner any natives that they met, Warby refused to assist. The native guides, Boodbury and Bundell, absconded when they discovered the purpose of the expedition, and Warby absented himself from the party soon after - fearing that it would compromise his credibility and favorable relationship with the tribes of the Sydney region.

On 20 June 1816 Macquarie granted Warby 260 acres of fertile land in the district of Airds (on the site of present day Campbelltown). It is unclear as to when Warby and his large family moved there, though there is strong circumstantial evidence to suggest that this took place soon afterwards: there are baptismal records for five of their children listed for 11 August 1816 at St. Luke's Anglican Church at Liverpool; records listing Warby as liable for the delivery of fresh meat to the Government Stores at Liverpool on 23 November 1816; as well as a warning in the Sydney Gazette on 11 May 1816 that cautioned people against trespassing on the farm at Prospect known as 'Warby's Farm'. Among Warby's neighbors at Airds was his fellow accomplice William Deards (with whom he had been convicted of theft in 1791) who had a 30 acre grant.

Warby's involvement in the provision of fresh meat to the Government Stores continued as a lucrative source of income - with deliveries of 2,500 lbs of meat in August 1817 and again in March 1818.

By 1826 Warby had built a house, granary, barn, stables, storeroom, and a hut for assigned laborers and had acquired extensive land holdings. On 18 October, he applied for an additional grant of land without purchase, stating in his Memorial that he currently held 400 acres of land by grant, 400 by purchase (300 of which were cleared or under tillage), owned 120 head of cattle and 100 pigs, and employed and maintained eight convict servants.

Petition to Governor
Citation details: Memorials To The Governor, 1810-1826
Text:

"...The humble memorial John Warby
Most respectfully sets forth
That Your Excellency's memorialist came to this colony in the first Pitt Indiaman, Ever since which long period he has always conducted himself with marked propriety of deportment.
Governor King was please to honor him with particular recommendations to the notice of his successor Governor Bligh which latter gentleman graciously appointed memorialist superintendent to the wild cattle of the Crown.
Memorialist having a wife to whom he is married and six children to support Colonel Paterson was please to bestow a grant of land containing one hundred acres for the benefit of his family and the better to enable him to rear and educate so large an offspring - memorialist humbly prays Sir that as the said grant is the only gift he ever received from the Crown that Your Excellency will compassionately be pleased to confirm the same in behalf of the large family he has got and the spotless character of memorialist.
And Your Excellency's memorialist
will ever gratefully pray
John Warby"
"The memorial of John Warby at Prospect"

Census
Citation details: p. 383
Text:

Warby, John, 54, free by servitude, Pitt, 1792, 7 years, Protestant, settler, Airds
Warby, Sarah, 48, free by servitude, Indispensable, 1796, 7 years
Warby, Jane, 22, born in the colony
Warby, Mary, 16, born in the colony
Warby, Robert, 15, born in the colony
Warby, Eliza, 13, born in the colony
Warby, James, 11, born in the colony
Warby, Joseph, 9, born in the colony

Death
Address: Spring Valley
Burial
Cemetery: St Peters Cemetery
Family with Sarah Bentley
himself
17671851
Birth: between 1767 and 1774
Death: June 12, 1851Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
wife
17801869
Birth: about 1780England, United Kingdom?
Death: 1869Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
Religious marriage Religious marriageSeptember 12, 1796Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
4 years
son
18001804
Birth: April 20, 1800 33 20 Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: July 1804Prospect, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
16 months
son
18011885
Birth: July 31, 1801 34 21 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1885Victoria, Australia
14 months
daughter
18021894
Birth: September 30, 1802 35 22 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1894Albury, South West Slopes, New South Wales, Australia
13 months
son
18031826
Birth: November 5, 1803 36 23 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1826Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
17 months
son
18051880
Birth: March 1805 38 25 Liverpool, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 8, 1880Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
20 months
daughter
18061893
Birth: October 10, 1806 39 26 Liverpool, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1893Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
daughter
18061876
Birth: October 10, 1806 39 26 Liverpool, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 26, 1876Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
4 years
son
18101876
Birth: November 7, 1810 43 30 Liverpool, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 24, 1876Campbells River, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
14 months
daughter
18121904
Birth: January 3, 1812 45 32 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: September 20, 1904Surry Hills, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
son
18141853
Birth: April 10, 1814 47 34 Liverpool, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: December 5, 1853Albury, South West Slopes, New South Wales, Australia
18 months
daughter
18151896
Birth: October 10, 1815 48 35 New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1896
16 months
son
18171899
Birth: February 7, 1817 50 37 Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1899Albury, South West Slopes, New South Wales, Australia
21 months
son
18181899
Birth: November 7, 1818 51 38 Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 29, 1899Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
son
1821
Birth: about 1821 54 41 Campbelltown, South Coast and Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia
Death:
Birth
Text:

The exact date of his birth is uncertain. The 1828 census lists him as aged 54 which would put his birth year at about 1774. His death certificate lists him as 84 which puts his year of birth at about 1767.

Immigration
Text:

John Walbey, one of 404 convicts transported on the ship Pitt, June 1791.
Sentence details: Convicted at Hertford Assizes for a term of 7 years on 03 March 1791.
Vessel: Pitt.
Date of Departure: June 1791.
Place of Arrival: New South Wales.

Text:

John Warby and William Deards were convicted of stealing two asses in October 1790 and sentenced to seven years transportation.

Occupation
Text:

By the end of 1792 John had been granted 50 acres at Prospect, close to Prospect Creek at the foot of Prospect Hill. On it he raised pigs and grew crops of wheat at maize.

Religious marriage
Text:

No 12. John Warby of the parish of Parramatta and Sarah Bentley married this twelvth day of Sep in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety six by me Samuel Marsden
John Warby and Sarah Bentley both signed the register with their X marks
In the presence of Charles Right who made his X mark and Sarah Backham

Text:

In a memorial to Governor Bourke in 1837, Warby stated that out of a family of 23 children born in wedlock, 11 had survived - all borne by his first and only wife Sarah.

Occupation
Text:

By 1801 John has eight acres under wheat and 13 under maize and 25 bushels of maize in store. He had 10 pigs and employed two men, one free and the other a 'government servant' or convict.

Warby gained increasing respect within the colony as a guide and assistant to exploration parties in the south-western region of Sydney. In 1802 he accompanied Ensign Barrallier in his attempt to find a route along the Nattai and Kowmung Rivers and Christys Creek across the Blue Mountains; and later, in 1806, he assisted the naturalist George Caley in his endeavours to retrace Barrallier's route.

Warby had an extensive knowledge of of the Camden/Appin area by the time of Macquarie's arrival in the colony. During Bligh's administration he had been appointed to the position of superintendent of the wild cattle in the Cowpastures region, with responsibility for the protection and culling of the herd.

As a constable at Camden, along with Thomas Harper, he was provided with the assistance of a military guard and a hit at Cawdor. This hut is thought to be the first building constructed by white men in the Camden district, though the exact date of construction is unknown.

After Bligh's overthrow in Jan 1808, Lieutenant Governor William Paterson made a grant of 100 acres to Warby; however this was rescinded by Macquarie on his arrival in the colony - as were all grants issued by the military administration in the period 1808-1809.

On 22 July 1814, Macquarie authorized Warby and John Jackson to lead an armed party of twelve Europeans and four native guides to track down and capture five Aboriginals who had been identified as responsible for a recent series of attacks on white settlers (Goondel (chief of the Gandangarra tribe), Bottagallie, Murrah, Yellamun, and Wallah). The party returned without making contact. Three months later, in September 1814, Warby and several native trackers assisted a party of soldiers sent in pursuit of the bushranger Patrick Collins, who had been robbing and murdering settlers in the Hawkesbury area. They led the soldiers to Collins' hiding place and when Collins tried to escape the Aboriginal trackers speared him in the leg and arm - he was overpowered and brought to trial in Sydney.

Although instructed to assist the party of soldiers sent out in April 1816, under the command of Captain Wallis, to take prisoner any natives that they met, Warby refused to assist. The native guides, Boodbury and Bundell, absconded when they discovered the purpose of the expedition, and Warby absented himself from the party soon after - fearing that it would compromise his credibility and favorable relationship with the tribes of the Sydney region.

On 20 June 1816 Macquarie granted Warby 260 acres of fertile land in the district of Airds (on the site of present day Campbelltown). It is unclear as to when Warby and his large family moved there, though there is strong circumstantial evidence to suggest that this took place soon afterwards: there are baptismal records for five of their children listed for 11 August 1816 at St. Luke's Anglican Church at Liverpool; records listing Warby as liable for the delivery of fresh meat to the Government Stores at Liverpool on 23 November 1816; as well as a warning in the Sydney Gazette on 11 May 1816 that cautioned people against trespassing on the farm at Prospect known as 'Warby's Farm'. Among Warby's neighbors at Airds was his fellow accomplice William Deards (with whom he had been convicted of theft in 1791) who had a 30 acre grant.

Warby's involvement in the provision of fresh meat to the Government Stores continued as a lucrative source of income - with deliveries of 2,500 lbs of meat in August 1817 and again in March 1818.

By 1826 Warby had built a house, granary, barn, stables, storeroom, and a hut for assigned laborers and had acquired extensive land holdings. On 18 October, he applied for an additional grant of land without purchase, stating in his Memorial that he currently held 400 acres of land by grant, 400 by purchase (300 of which were cleared or under tillage), owned 120 head of cattle and 100 pigs, and employed and maintained eight convict servants.

Petition to Governor
Citation details: Memorials To The Governor, 1810-1826
Text:

"...The humble memorial John Warby
Most respectfully sets forth
That Your Excellency's memorialist came to this colony in the first Pitt Indiaman, Ever since which long period he has always conducted himself with marked propriety of deportment.
Governor King was please to honor him with particular recommendations to the notice of his successor Governor Bligh which latter gentleman graciously appointed memorialist superintendent to the wild cattle of the Crown.
Memorialist having a wife to whom he is married and six children to support Colonel Paterson was please to bestow a grant of land containing one hundred acres for the benefit of his family and the better to enable him to rear and educate so large an offspring - memorialist humbly prays Sir that as the said grant is the only gift he ever received from the Crown that Your Excellency will compassionately be pleased to confirm the same in behalf of the large family he has got and the spotless character of memorialist.
And Your Excellency's memorialist
will ever gratefully pray
John Warby"
"The memorial of John Warby at Prospect"

Census
Citation details: p. 383
Text:

Warby, John, 54, free by servitude, Pitt, 1792, 7 years, Protestant, settler, Airds
Warby, Sarah, 48, free by servitude, Indispensable, 1796, 7 years
Warby, Jane, 22, born in the colony
Warby, Mary, 16, born in the colony
Warby, Robert, 15, born in the colony
Warby, Eliza, 13, born in the colony
Warby, James, 11, born in the colony
Warby, Joseph, 9, born in the colony

Death
Burial
Source citation