Matthew James Everingham, 17681817 (aged 49 years)

Name
Matthew James /Everingham/
Given names
Matthew James
Surname
Everingham
Birth
Baptism
Citation details: 'Ancestry' website UK
Text:

Baptised at St George, the son of Joseph and Mary Everingham

Immigration
Text:

Matthew was tried at the Old Bailey in 1784 for stealing and sentenced to 7 years transportation for fraudulently obtaining two law books, and selling them to a dealer. He was transported on the ship Scarborough, arriving in the colony with the First Fleet.

Text:

MATTHEW JAMES EVERINGHAM was indicted, for that he being a profligate person, on the 17th of June did falsly pretend to Owen Owens servant to Samuel Shepherd, Esq; in the Middle Temple, that he was sent to Mr. Shepherd, from Mr. Clermont's for Burn's Justice or Compton's Practice meaning certain books, by which he obtained the same books, value 10 s. the property of the said Samuel Shepherd, whereas he was not sent with that message.
OWEN OWENS sworn.
I am servant to Mr. Shepherd, I was servant to him on the 17th of June last, the prisoner came to me on the 17th of June in the morning, about ten or eleven, he came with Mr. Clermont's compliments to Mr. Shepherd, and he would be obliged to him, if he would lend him Burn's Justice or Compton's Practice, I gave him the books, and asked him whether he lived with Mr. Clermont's or not, he said yes, he did, and he had had the fever and ague, and was come back again.
- CLERMONT, Esq. sworn.
The prisoner at the bar was my servant, but not on the 17th of June.
Did you send him any where? - I did not send him any where.
RICHARD BANNISTER sworn.
I am a bookseller in Bell-yard, Temple-bar, the prisoner came to me about the middle of June, I did not take any particular notice then of the time, he brought to me to sell Compton's Practice; I gave him five shillings for it, if it had been the last edition of the book it would have been worth more, but not being the last, it was the full value of it.
What does the last edition sell for? - Sixteen shillings; I asked him whose they were, he asked me but three shillings, I said my lad I can give you five shillings for them, but you must produce me some authority, or I shall detain the books, he said he himself lived in Elm Court, Temple, upon which he went away, and returned and brought me a letter, on the authority of which I bought them; I thought it might be some distressed member of the law that wanted money, I could not tell.
PRISONER's DEFENCE.
I was in great distress.
Court to Owen Owens. Were Mr. Shepherd and Mr. Clermont acquainted? - Yes, they were.
GUILTY.
Transported for seven years.
Tried by the London Jury before Mr. ROSE.

Religious marriage
Text:

Matthew James Everingham and Elizabeth Rhymes were married 13 Mar 1791
by Richard Johnson, chaplain
In the presence of Thomas Barnsby and Peter Stewart

Property
Text:

To Matthew Everingham
50 acre grant at Prospect Hill granted 22 Feb 1792
1 shilling annual quit rent commencing 22 Feb 1802
Name of farm: Everinghams Farm
Description of grant: Laying at the Ponds

Census
Text:

In 1800 he was described as a tenant with 6 acres sown in wheat and 5 in maize and owned 6 pigs and 4 goats. As District Constable for the Field of Mars area he, his wife and 4 children were receiving public rations. In 1802 he on 50 acres at the Ponds with 17 cleared, 7 sown in wheat, 6 in maize, owning 14 pigs and holding 20 bushels in maize in store. He was still receiving a public ration, while his wife and 4 children were not.

Property
Text:

Matthew was granted 50 acres at Sackville Reach. It was not ideal, being part rocky and part flood-prone, and vulnerable in its isolation to Aboriginal plunderers.
In May 1804, the family was attacked by an aboriginal raiding party. Matthew, his wife and their Irish assigned convict worker were said to have suffered spear wounds and their house and barn were robbed and burned. Caves on the farm bore the hand marks and other artwork of the aboriginal people who had lived there for millennia. Recovering from their injuries, the couple worked had to clear and cultivate the land and by 1806 they had at least 19 acres cleared (11 in wheat, 6 in maize, 1 in barley, 1 in potatoes, orchard and garden). They held 13 bushels of maize in store and owned 18 pigs, supporting themselves, 6 children, a convict and a free man. In the 1980s the site of the farm was occupied by the Sackville Ski Gardens on the Tizzana road near the Sackville ferry.

Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sun 3 Jun 1804 Page 3
Text:

"We are concerned to state that a few of the Natives have again manifested an inclination to hostility, and already proceeded to acts of abominable outrage. Report at the present juncture confines their ravages and barbarity to Portland Head, where Mr. Matthew Everingham, settler, his wife, and a servant, are said to have been speared; as is also Mr. John Howe, settler, near the above spot. The house and the out-houses of the former were plundered and afterwards set on fire, but the spear wounds received are not accompanied with any mortal appearance. Several other settlers in this neighbourhood have suffered very considerably in being robbed of their cloathing [sic], stock and grain.
"On Thursday evening, shortly after the accounts arrived, HIS EXCELLENCY dispatched a file of Troopers to the Magistrate at Hawkesbury, with Instructions promptly to adopt such measures as the extigency [sic] of the case required. The settlers and constables of that settlement went to the succour of the other settlers at Portland Head; as no provocation appears to have been given the Natives in that quarter, and as the Natives in the other districts are still on the domesticated footing they have been for the last two Years, it is hoped the exertions that are making to keep them in that state, will have the desired effect, without proceeding to further extremities."

Occupation
Clerical/Liquor Licencee
between 1806 and 1812 (aged 44 years)
Text:

Matthew's property suffered floods in 1806 and 1809, in which he was brought close to ruin. He let the Sackville farm and moved his family to Green Hills (Windsor) where he was employed by the wealthy emancipist brewer and settler, Andrew Thompson.
In Feb 1810 he was granted a wine and spirit licence.
After Thompson's death in October 1810 the family lived at his West Hill (or Red House) Farm (at modern McGraths Hill). He was in financial difficulty in 1812 when his property was offered for sale by execution. He failed to sell that millstone, the Sackville farm, which was again ravaged by flood in 1811. The property was leased to his son Matthew and finally sold in 1820.

Petition
Citation details: Memorials To The Governor, 1810-1826
Text:

"...The humble petition of Matthew Everingham settler
Most humbly sheweth
That Your Excellency's petitioner has been in this colony ever since its first establishment under His Excellency Governor Phillip whose servant he was till his time expired 1791 when his Excellency settled him at the district called the Ponds which proving to be a very [illegible] spot his Excellency Governor King sumoned [sic] him to the district of Portland Head at the Hawkesbury and the grant there was so situated being bounded back by tremendous rocks that he could have no more than about 16 acres left for tillage altho' his grant was for 50 acres, this Your Excellency's petitioner found as his family increased [illegible] adequate to their support having a wife and seven small children to maintain altho 'he led the whole that was fit for cultivation of land under tillage. Your Excellency's petitioner did in consequence large and ever growing family and the very heavy loss he sustained in the last flood, memorial His Honor Rt. Paterson for more land --- here in the vicinity of the Hawkesbury and his Honor was good enough to order 130 acres of land to be measured for him at the Curryjong Brush. Lately settled with ground is measured and return sent down to Sydney some time since but your Excellency's petitioner has not yet received the grant. But Your Excellency's petitioner humbly hopes Your Excellency will be pleased to on account of his large family to confirm his grant to him and Your Excellency's petitioner would condescend to the [illegible] ... Hawkesbury January 26th 1810."

Licence to sell spiritous liquors and wines
Text:

"NOTICE.
THE undermentioned Persons, being entitled to Licences for Retailing Wines and Spirituous Liquors are required to attend at the Judge Advocate's Office on Saturday next, the 233d Instant, to receive the same:-
Matthew Lock
Matthew Everingham
George Hall
John Hillus
William Hayden
William Bowman
Martin Mantz
Wm. Hibburd."

Farm advertised
Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sat 2 Mar 1811 Page 2
Text:

"MATTHEW EVERINGHAM begs to inform Proprietors of stock, that having taken the West Hill Farm of the Executors of the late A. Thompson, Esq. all persons having Stock in want of Pasture, may have the Run of those extensive Paddocks at 1s. per week per head, where they will be taken the greatest care of; and if a number sufficient, they will have the benefit of a very extensive Common, with a Herdsman to attend them,. - Application to be made to Mr. Everingham, at Windsor."

Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sat 18 May 1811 Page 1
Text:

"To be Let for a Twelvemonth certain, and entered on immediately, an extensive Tan Yard, with suitable Pits, Sheds, and Buildings, situate at West Hill. late the property of Andrew Thompson, Esq. deceased, together with all sufficient Tools, Implements, and Apparatus necessary to carry on the Business on an extensive Scale. The leaser to be furnished, at his own option, with a quantity of Hides on Six Months Credit, on Security, and every other Encouragement than an industrious Man can wish. For particulars apply to Matthew Everingham, at West Hill Farm, Hawkesbury."

Death
Cause of death: Drowned
Citation details: Return of deaths within the districts of Hawkesbury for the quarter ending 31 Dec 1817
Text:

Matthew Everingham, free, age 48
Died 25 Dec 1817
Drowned at Portland Head

Text:

Matthew and Elizabeth by 1817 were back at Portland Head, Sackville Reach on a 15 acre rented farm near the site of their original grant. Matthew was appointed District Constable there and with his allowances as the district constable they were getting by.
After a festive family Christmas day, duty called Matthew to a sloop on the river, a sly grog runner. Matthew fell overboard and drowned.

Burial
Cemetery: Wilberforce Cemetery
Text:

His epitaph reads:
'Farewell vain world i have
had anough of thee and am
carless what thou canst say
of me thy smiles i curt not
nor thy frowns i fear beneath this
turf my head lies quit here.'

Family with Elizabeth Rimes
himself
17681817
Birth: 1768Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Death: December 25, 1817Portland Head, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
wife
17741841
Birth: 1774
Death: December 12, 1841Hawkesbury River, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
Religious marriage Religious marriageMarch 13, 1791Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
10 months
daughter
17911792
Birth: December 23, 1791 23 17 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: January 1792Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
18 months
daughter
17931874
Birth: June 9, 1793 25 19 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 29, 1874Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
son
17951884
Birth: May 23, 1795 27 21 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 22, 1884Windsor, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
son
17971859
Birth: August 8, 1797 29 23 Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: September 6, 1859Pitt Town, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
son
17991881
Birth: December 9, 1799 31 25 Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: April 15, 1881Grafton, Northern Rivers, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
daughter
18021849
Birth: November 7, 1802 34 28 Hawkesbury River, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 19, 1849Sackville North, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
daughter
18051879
Birth: June 10, 1805 37 31 New South Wales, Australia
Death: September 18, 1879
3 years
son
18071895
Birth: November 25, 1807 39 33 New South Wales, Australia
Death: July 25, 1895Leichhardt, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
4 years
daughter
18111835
Birth: August 6, 1811 43 37 Sackville, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
Death: February 24, 1835Sackville, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
son
18141875
Birth: July 29, 1814 46 40 Windsor, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
Death: May 29, 1875Windsor, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
Patrick McGahy + Elizabeth Rimes
wife’s husband
1780
Birth: about 1780Ireland
Death:
wife
17741841
Birth: 1774
Death: December 12, 1841Hawkesbury River, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage MarriageAugust 20, 1827Wilberforce, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
Birth
Citation details: 'Ancestry' website
Baptism
Citation details: 'Ancestry' website UK
Text:

Baptised at St George, the son of Joseph and Mary Everingham

Immigration
Text:

Matthew was tried at the Old Bailey in 1784 for stealing and sentenced to 7 years transportation for fraudulently obtaining two law books, and selling them to a dealer. He was transported on the ship Scarborough, arriving in the colony with the First Fleet.

Text:

MATTHEW JAMES EVERINGHAM was indicted, for that he being a profligate person, on the 17th of June did falsly pretend to Owen Owens servant to Samuel Shepherd, Esq; in the Middle Temple, that he was sent to Mr. Shepherd, from Mr. Clermont's for Burn's Justice or Compton's Practice meaning certain books, by which he obtained the same books, value 10 s. the property of the said Samuel Shepherd, whereas he was not sent with that message.
OWEN OWENS sworn.
I am servant to Mr. Shepherd, I was servant to him on the 17th of June last, the prisoner came to me on the 17th of June in the morning, about ten or eleven, he came with Mr. Clermont's compliments to Mr. Shepherd, and he would be obliged to him, if he would lend him Burn's Justice or Compton's Practice, I gave him the books, and asked him whether he lived with Mr. Clermont's or not, he said yes, he did, and he had had the fever and ague, and was come back again.
- CLERMONT, Esq. sworn.
The prisoner at the bar was my servant, but not on the 17th of June.
Did you send him any where? - I did not send him any where.
RICHARD BANNISTER sworn.
I am a bookseller in Bell-yard, Temple-bar, the prisoner came to me about the middle of June, I did not take any particular notice then of the time, he brought to me to sell Compton's Practice; I gave him five shillings for it, if it had been the last edition of the book it would have been worth more, but not being the last, it was the full value of it.
What does the last edition sell for? - Sixteen shillings; I asked him whose they were, he asked me but three shillings, I said my lad I can give you five shillings for them, but you must produce me some authority, or I shall detain the books, he said he himself lived in Elm Court, Temple, upon which he went away, and returned and brought me a letter, on the authority of which I bought them; I thought it might be some distressed member of the law that wanted money, I could not tell.
PRISONER's DEFENCE.
I was in great distress.
Court to Owen Owens. Were Mr. Shepherd and Mr. Clermont acquainted? - Yes, they were.
GUILTY.
Transported for seven years.
Tried by the London Jury before Mr. ROSE.

Religious marriage
Text:

Matthew James Everingham and Elizabeth Rhymes were married 13 Mar 1791
by Richard Johnson, chaplain
In the presence of Thomas Barnsby and Peter Stewart

Property
Text:

To Matthew Everingham
50 acre grant at Prospect Hill granted 22 Feb 1792
1 shilling annual quit rent commencing 22 Feb 1802
Name of farm: Everinghams Farm
Description of grant: Laying at the Ponds

Census
Text:

In 1800 he was described as a tenant with 6 acres sown in wheat and 5 in maize and owned 6 pigs and 4 goats. As District Constable for the Field of Mars area he, his wife and 4 children were receiving public rations. In 1802 he on 50 acres at the Ponds with 17 cleared, 7 sown in wheat, 6 in maize, owning 14 pigs and holding 20 bushels in maize in store. He was still receiving a public ration, while his wife and 4 children were not.

Property
Text:

Matthew was granted 50 acres at Sackville Reach. It was not ideal, being part rocky and part flood-prone, and vulnerable in its isolation to Aboriginal plunderers.
In May 1804, the family was attacked by an aboriginal raiding party. Matthew, his wife and their Irish assigned convict worker were said to have suffered spear wounds and their house and barn were robbed and burned. Caves on the farm bore the hand marks and other artwork of the aboriginal people who had lived there for millennia. Recovering from their injuries, the couple worked had to clear and cultivate the land and by 1806 they had at least 19 acres cleared (11 in wheat, 6 in maize, 1 in barley, 1 in potatoes, orchard and garden). They held 13 bushels of maize in store and owned 18 pigs, supporting themselves, 6 children, a convict and a free man. In the 1980s the site of the farm was occupied by the Sackville Ski Gardens on the Tizzana road near the Sackville ferry.

Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sun 3 Jun 1804 Page 3
Text:

"We are concerned to state that a few of the Natives have again manifested an inclination to hostility, and already proceeded to acts of abominable outrage. Report at the present juncture confines their ravages and barbarity to Portland Head, where Mr. Matthew Everingham, settler, his wife, and a servant, are said to have been speared; as is also Mr. John Howe, settler, near the above spot. The house and the out-houses of the former were plundered and afterwards set on fire, but the spear wounds received are not accompanied with any mortal appearance. Several other settlers in this neighbourhood have suffered very considerably in being robbed of their cloathing [sic], stock and grain.
"On Thursday evening, shortly after the accounts arrived, HIS EXCELLENCY dispatched a file of Troopers to the Magistrate at Hawkesbury, with Instructions promptly to adopt such measures as the extigency [sic] of the case required. The settlers and constables of that settlement went to the succour of the other settlers at Portland Head; as no provocation appears to have been given the Natives in that quarter, and as the Natives in the other districts are still on the domesticated footing they have been for the last two Years, it is hoped the exertions that are making to keep them in that state, will have the desired effect, without proceeding to further extremities."

Occupation
Text:

Matthew's property suffered floods in 1806 and 1809, in which he was brought close to ruin. He let the Sackville farm and moved his family to Green Hills (Windsor) where he was employed by the wealthy emancipist brewer and settler, Andrew Thompson.
In Feb 1810 he was granted a wine and spirit licence.
After Thompson's death in October 1810 the family lived at his West Hill (or Red House) Farm (at modern McGraths Hill). He was in financial difficulty in 1812 when his property was offered for sale by execution. He failed to sell that millstone, the Sackville farm, which was again ravaged by flood in 1811. The property was leased to his son Matthew and finally sold in 1820.

Petition
Citation details: Memorials To The Governor, 1810-1826
Text:

"...The humble petition of Matthew Everingham settler
Most humbly sheweth
That Your Excellency's petitioner has been in this colony ever since its first establishment under His Excellency Governor Phillip whose servant he was till his time expired 1791 when his Excellency settled him at the district called the Ponds which proving to be a very [illegible] spot his Excellency Governor King sumoned [sic] him to the district of Portland Head at the Hawkesbury and the grant there was so situated being bounded back by tremendous rocks that he could have no more than about 16 acres left for tillage altho' his grant was for 50 acres, this Your Excellency's petitioner found as his family increased [illegible] adequate to their support having a wife and seven small children to maintain altho 'he led the whole that was fit for cultivation of land under tillage. Your Excellency's petitioner did in consequence large and ever growing family and the very heavy loss he sustained in the last flood, memorial His Honor Rt. Paterson for more land --- here in the vicinity of the Hawkesbury and his Honor was good enough to order 130 acres of land to be measured for him at the Curryjong Brush. Lately settled with ground is measured and return sent down to Sydney some time since but your Excellency's petitioner has not yet received the grant. But Your Excellency's petitioner humbly hopes Your Excellency will be pleased to on account of his large family to confirm his grant to him and Your Excellency's petitioner would condescend to the [illegible] ... Hawkesbury January 26th 1810."

Licence to sell spiritous liquors and wines
Text:

"NOTICE.
THE undermentioned Persons, being entitled to Licences for Retailing Wines and Spirituous Liquors are required to attend at the Judge Advocate's Office on Saturday next, the 233d Instant, to receive the same:-
Matthew Lock
Matthew Everingham
George Hall
John Hillus
William Hayden
William Bowman
Martin Mantz
Wm. Hibburd."

Farm advertised
Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sat 2 Mar 1811 Page 2
Text:

"MATTHEW EVERINGHAM begs to inform Proprietors of stock, that having taken the West Hill Farm of the Executors of the late A. Thompson, Esq. all persons having Stock in want of Pasture, may have the Run of those extensive Paddocks at 1s. per week per head, where they will be taken the greatest care of; and if a number sufficient, they will have the benefit of a very extensive Common, with a Herdsman to attend them,. - Application to be made to Mr. Everingham, at Windsor."

Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sat 18 May 1811 Page 1
Text:

"To be Let for a Twelvemonth certain, and entered on immediately, an extensive Tan Yard, with suitable Pits, Sheds, and Buildings, situate at West Hill. late the property of Andrew Thompson, Esq. deceased, together with all sufficient Tools, Implements, and Apparatus necessary to carry on the Business on an extensive Scale. The leaser to be furnished, at his own option, with a quantity of Hides on Six Months Credit, on Security, and every other Encouragement than an industrious Man can wish. For particulars apply to Matthew Everingham, at West Hill Farm, Hawkesbury."

Death
Citation details: Return of deaths within the districts of Hawkesbury for the quarter ending 31 Dec 1817
Text:

Matthew Everingham, free, age 48
Died 25 Dec 1817
Drowned at Portland Head

Text:

Matthew and Elizabeth by 1817 were back at Portland Head, Sackville Reach on a 15 acre rented farm near the site of their original grant. Matthew was appointed District Constable there and with his allowances as the district constable they were getting by.
After a festive family Christmas day, duty called Matthew to a sloop on the river, a sly grog runner. Matthew fell overboard and drowned.

Burial
Text:

His epitaph reads:
'Farewell vain world i have
had anough of thee and am
carless what thou canst say
of me thy smiles i curt not
nor thy frowns i fear beneath this
turf my head lies quit here.'