Rosetta Pracey, 17701858 (aged 88 years)

Name
Rosetta /Pracey/
Given names
Rosetta
Surname
Pracey
Nickname
Rosey
Name
Rosetta /Terry/
Type of name
married name
Name
Rosetta /Madden/
Type of name
married name
Name
Rosetta /Marsh/
Type of name
married name
Name
Rosetta /Martin/
Type of name
married name
Name
Rosetta /Jones/
Type of name
married name
Birth
Marriage
before October 1798 (aged 28 years)
Text:

It seems probable that Rosetta Pracey married or was the common law wife of either or both Edward Madden or Henry Marsh/Martin prior to the departure of the ship 'Hillsborough' from Portsmouth in Oct 1798.
Rosetta would certainly have been travelling to the colony aboard the 'Hillsborough' as the legal or common law wife of one of the convicts, although the name of that convict has not been recorded.
Travelling with her was a son called Henry Marsh and another child, Esther Marsh was born in Sydney on 28 Apr 1800. All known references to Rosetta prior to her marriage to Samuel Terry give her name was Rosetta Marsh, and one as Martin. However, when in 1810 she married Samuel Terry, she described herself as 'Rosater Madden Widow'. By the time she married Terry it was probably more convenient for her to say that she was the widow of Madden rather than the common law wife of Marsh, and because Madden had died on the voyage, there was no-one who cared to dispute the claim.

Marriage
before October 1798 (aged 28 years)
Text:

It seems probable that Rosetta Pracey married or was the common law wife of either or both Edward Madden or Henry Marsh/Martin/Jones prior to the departure of the ship 'Hillsborough' from Portsmouth in Oct 1798.
Rosetta would certainly have been travelling to the colony aboard the 'Hillsborough' as the legal or common law wife of one of the convicts, although the name of that convict has not been recorded.
Travelling with her was a son called Henry Marsh and another child, Esther Marsh was born in Sydney on 28 Apr 1800. All known references to Rosetta prior to her marriage to Samuel Terry give her name was Rosetta Marsh, and one as Martin. However, when in 1810 she married Samuel Terry, she described herself as 'Rosater Madden Widow'. By the time she married Terry it was probably more convenient for her to say that she was the widow of Madden rather than the common law wife of Marsh, and because Madden had died on the voyage, there was no-one who cared to dispute the claim.

Immigration
Text:

Rosetta had come free to the colony in 1799 in the disease-ridden ship Hillsborough. The convicts were picked up from various prison hulks, one of which was infected with gaol fever (typhus). Soon after the ship departed Langstone Harbour near Portsmouth, disease broke out. The decks required caulking and when it rained shortly after departure the convict quarters became soaked. The captain was told that many of the convicts were out of their irons and intending to murder the officers. Those found out of their irons were flogged, receiving from one to six dozen lashes each, and were shackled and handcuffed, some with iron collars around their neck. Their allowance of rations and water were also reduced.
Even after the disease spread throughout the convicts and deaths became alarmingly frequent, they were kept closely confined and double-ironed, were short of water and were half starved.
One third of the 300 convicts died on the voyage, and several others died shortly after their arrival at Sydney.
Governor John Hunter, when the 'Hillsborough' reached Sydney, described the survivors as 'the most wretched and miserable convicts I have ever beheld, in the most sickly and wretched state'. The resultant scandal led to the 'Hillsborough' being called the 'Death Ship'.

Census
Text:

The NSW Settlers' Muster Book, 1800, includes a list of expired or emancipated convicts and free people off the stores in 1801. In it appears 'Prisilla' Martin, resident of Sydney, who arrived aboard the 'Hillsborough' as a free person.

Property
Sydney Town, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
between 1803 and 1809 (aged 38 years)
Text:

On 1 May 1803 Governor King granted Rosetta a lease 'at Pitt Row in the township of Sydney 371/2 rods term of 14 years Annuel Quit Rent 10/-'. Details of farmland worked by Rosetta were listed on the muster of 12 Aug 1806:

'Rosetta Marsh. Came free Hillsborough 1799. Lives self. By lease. Potatoes 1/2 acre. Orchard 1/2 acre. Hogs one. In hand, wheat 2 bushels, maize one bushel. Proprietor and three children not victualled. 1 convict not victualled. 1 free man employed.'

In 1806 Rosetta bought a house and premises for £132, and acquired another house for £7 + 2s. a week. On 21 May 1807 she purchased a farm at Concord from Edward Edwards for £55/13/6d.

In Feb 1806 someone broke into her outhouse at Pitt Row and sole 'a firkin of butter that had been purchased the same evening, together with a box containing the servant's cloathing and sundry other articles'.

In Sep 1807 she accused James McGlade of stealing promissory notes with upwards of £150. When he tried to pass one of them off in the shop of T. Abbott, McGlade admitted picking it up in her house but claimed that he had asked Abbott to return it to her.

In 1808 she was among the traders who bought wine, spirits, and dried fruit in a cargo that arrived from Edinburgh. She paid £133 and Surgeon Harris £115, which suggests that she was not just a front woman for Harris's business interests as some have suggested. Her future husband, Samuel Terry spent just £3.

Rosetta became very propserous. In 1808 she was one of the few women among 800 persons described as 'Free and Principal Proprietors of Landed Property' who signed a petition to Governor Bligh asking him to make representations to the King for trade privileges and trial by jury. The petition was also signed by Terry and Harris.

Soon afterwards, Bligh was deposed in what became known as the 'Rum Rebellion' in which officers led by Macarthur and George Johnston mutinied against Bligh's attempts to supress their commercial activities. Rosetta subscribed £20 to a proposed fund to provide expenses to Macarthur and a presentation sword to Johnson. Harris also supported the rebellion.

In 1809 Rosetta received grants of 150 and 50 acres from Col. Paterson. She called this land 'Islington'. When Governor Macquarie arrived to replace Bligh, he reversed a number grants, including Rosetta's. Rosetta successfully appealed this decision on 12 Jan 1810 and the grant was backdated to 1 Jan 1810.

Out house burgled
Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sun 2 Mar 1806 Page 2
Text:

"Friday night some person or persons broke into an out house belonging to Mrs. Marsh in Pitt's Row, and stole a firkin of butter that had been purchased the same evening, together with a box containing the servant's cloathing [sic], and sundry other articles."

Petition to Governor
Citation details: Memorials To The Governor, 1810-1826
Text:

"Received 12 Jan 1810"
"...The memorial of Rosetta Marsh
Most respectfully sets forth
that Your Excellency's memorialist came to this colony about eleven years ago a free woman, that she has three children helpless and unprovided which she has [illegible] to maintained and educated by her most persevering industry and by an equal share of industry is now possessed of a considerable number of horned cattle, breeding mares and other stock.
That your memorialist purchased a farm for the accommodation of her stock, which she found inadequate to the pasture ground required for her increasing stock and having nothing in view but the eventual benefit of her children three in number. She represented the case to Colonel Paterson who in consideration of her industry and the claim the children had for protection, granted to her one hundred and fifty acres of pasture land with a view still further to marriage your Excellency's memorialist on her industry.
That Your Excellency's memorialist receiving the land in trust for her three children [illegible] clearly appears by the grant thereof herewith produced, and from the encouragement that your memorialist had every reason to hope as a free woman she also applied for a portion of land, when Colonel Paterson condescended to allow her fifty acres as her deed herewith produced will certify.
Your memorialist indulges the hope that Your Excellency will be informed of the memorialist's unremitting attention to her family, her persevering industry and her extensive stock, and that it was under such circumstances alone that she received the land for herself and in trust for her children - circumstances she humbly trusts that will induce Your Excellency to continue her possession of the land granted to her on the conditions specify in this memorial as she obtained it without partiality or favour.
Most respectfully
R. Marsh"

Marriage
Address: St Philips
Census
Citation details: p. 364
Text:

Terry, Samuel, 51, free by servitude, Earl Cornwallis, 1801, Protestant, merchant, 4 Pitt Street Sydney
Terry, Rosetta, 51, came free, Hillsborough, 1799, Protestant
Terry, John, 22, born in the colony
Terry, Edward, 19, born in the colony
Terry, Martha, 17, born in the colony

Death
September 5, 1858 (aged 88 years)
Burial
Cemetery: Old Sydney Burial Ground
Text:

The Hughes and Terry family vault contains the remains of Rosetta and about ten of her family. When the Sydney railway was extended in 1901 the vault and contents were removed to the Necropolis at Rookwood. The plaque commemorating Rosetta had now been lost but was recorded in 1901 and reads:
POSETTA
THE KIND AND BELOVED RELICT
OF THE ABOVE SAMUEL TERRY
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE
SEPTEMBER THE 5TH 1858
AGED 89 YEARS

Family with parents
father
mother
1787
Birth:
Death: 1787London, England, United Kingdom
Marriage MarriageJune 9, 1767Shoreditch, London, England, United Kingdom
3 years
herself
17701858
Birth: July 29, 1770 26 Finsbury, London, England, United Kingdom
Death: September 5, 1858
Family with Edward Madden
husband
1799
Birth: United Kingdom
Death: 1799The high Seas
herself
17701858
Birth: July 29, 1770 26 Finsbury, London, England, United Kingdom
Death: September 5, 1858
Marriage Marriagebefore October 1798
Family with Henry Marsh
husband
herself
17701858
Birth: July 29, 1770 26 Finsbury, London, England, United Kingdom
Death: September 5, 1858
Marriage Marriagebefore October 1798
1 month
son
17981825
Birth: before October 1798 28
Death: 1825Rangoon, Burma
19 months
daughter
18001873
Birth: April 28, 1800 29 New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1873
Family with Samuel Terry
husband
17771838
Birth: about 1777
Death: February 22, 1838
herself
17701858
Birth: July 29, 1770 26 Finsbury, London, England, United Kingdom
Death: September 5, 1858
Marriage MarriageMarch 27, 1810
-3 years
son
18061842
Birth: about 1806 29 35
Death: 1842New South Wales, Australia
4 years
son
18101838
Birth: April 26, 1810 33 39 Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 28, 1838Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
18 months
daughter
18111877
Birth: October 31, 1811 34 41 Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: June 30, 1877Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Samuel Terry + Mary Pritchard
husband
17771838
Birth: about 1777
Death: February 22, 1838
husband’s wife
17861865
Birth: about 1786
Death: December 11, 1865St Marys, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage Marriageabout 1808Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Birth
Marriage
Text:

It seems probable that Rosetta Pracey married or was the common law wife of either or both Edward Madden or Henry Marsh/Martin prior to the departure of the ship 'Hillsborough' from Portsmouth in Oct 1798.
Rosetta would certainly have been travelling to the colony aboard the 'Hillsborough' as the legal or common law wife of one of the convicts, although the name of that convict has not been recorded.
Travelling with her was a son called Henry Marsh and another child, Esther Marsh was born in Sydney on 28 Apr 1800. All known references to Rosetta prior to her marriage to Samuel Terry give her name was Rosetta Marsh, and one as Martin. However, when in 1810 she married Samuel Terry, she described herself as 'Rosater Madden Widow'. By the time she married Terry it was probably more convenient for her to say that she was the widow of Madden rather than the common law wife of Marsh, and because Madden had died on the voyage, there was no-one who cared to dispute the claim.

Marriage
Text:

It seems probable that Rosetta Pracey married or was the common law wife of either or both Edward Madden or Henry Marsh/Martin/Jones prior to the departure of the ship 'Hillsborough' from Portsmouth in Oct 1798.
Rosetta would certainly have been travelling to the colony aboard the 'Hillsborough' as the legal or common law wife of one of the convicts, although the name of that convict has not been recorded.
Travelling with her was a son called Henry Marsh and another child, Esther Marsh was born in Sydney on 28 Apr 1800. All known references to Rosetta prior to her marriage to Samuel Terry give her name was Rosetta Marsh, and one as Martin. However, when in 1810 she married Samuel Terry, she described herself as 'Rosater Madden Widow'. By the time she married Terry it was probably more convenient for her to say that she was the widow of Madden rather than the common law wife of Marsh, and because Madden had died on the voyage, there was no-one who cared to dispute the claim.

Immigration
Text:

Rosetta had come free to the colony in 1799 in the disease-ridden ship Hillsborough. The convicts were picked up from various prison hulks, one of which was infected with gaol fever (typhus). Soon after the ship departed Langstone Harbour near Portsmouth, disease broke out. The decks required caulking and when it rained shortly after departure the convict quarters became soaked. The captain was told that many of the convicts were out of their irons and intending to murder the officers. Those found out of their irons were flogged, receiving from one to six dozen lashes each, and were shackled and handcuffed, some with iron collars around their neck. Their allowance of rations and water were also reduced.
Even after the disease spread throughout the convicts and deaths became alarmingly frequent, they were kept closely confined and double-ironed, were short of water and were half starved.
One third of the 300 convicts died on the voyage, and several others died shortly after their arrival at Sydney.
Governor John Hunter, when the 'Hillsborough' reached Sydney, described the survivors as 'the most wretched and miserable convicts I have ever beheld, in the most sickly and wretched state'. The resultant scandal led to the 'Hillsborough' being called the 'Death Ship'.

Census
Text:

The NSW Settlers' Muster Book, 1800, includes a list of expired or emancipated convicts and free people off the stores in 1801. In it appears 'Prisilla' Martin, resident of Sydney, who arrived aboard the 'Hillsborough' as a free person.

Property
Text:

On 1 May 1803 Governor King granted Rosetta a lease 'at Pitt Row in the township of Sydney 371/2 rods term of 14 years Annuel Quit Rent 10/-'. Details of farmland worked by Rosetta were listed on the muster of 12 Aug 1806:

'Rosetta Marsh. Came free Hillsborough 1799. Lives self. By lease. Potatoes 1/2 acre. Orchard 1/2 acre. Hogs one. In hand, wheat 2 bushels, maize one bushel. Proprietor and three children not victualled. 1 convict not victualled. 1 free man employed.'

In 1806 Rosetta bought a house and premises for £132, and acquired another house for £7 + 2s. a week. On 21 May 1807 she purchased a farm at Concord from Edward Edwards for £55/13/6d.

In Feb 1806 someone broke into her outhouse at Pitt Row and sole 'a firkin of butter that had been purchased the same evening, together with a box containing the servant's cloathing and sundry other articles'.

In Sep 1807 she accused James McGlade of stealing promissory notes with upwards of £150. When he tried to pass one of them off in the shop of T. Abbott, McGlade admitted picking it up in her house but claimed that he had asked Abbott to return it to her.

In 1808 she was among the traders who bought wine, spirits, and dried fruit in a cargo that arrived from Edinburgh. She paid £133 and Surgeon Harris £115, which suggests that she was not just a front woman for Harris's business interests as some have suggested. Her future husband, Samuel Terry spent just £3.

Rosetta became very propserous. In 1808 she was one of the few women among 800 persons described as 'Free and Principal Proprietors of Landed Property' who signed a petition to Governor Bligh asking him to make representations to the King for trade privileges and trial by jury. The petition was also signed by Terry and Harris.

Soon afterwards, Bligh was deposed in what became known as the 'Rum Rebellion' in which officers led by Macarthur and George Johnston mutinied against Bligh's attempts to supress their commercial activities. Rosetta subscribed £20 to a proposed fund to provide expenses to Macarthur and a presentation sword to Johnson. Harris also supported the rebellion.

In 1809 Rosetta received grants of 150 and 50 acres from Col. Paterson. She called this land 'Islington'. When Governor Macquarie arrived to replace Bligh, he reversed a number grants, including Rosetta's. Rosetta successfully appealed this decision on 12 Jan 1810 and the grant was backdated to 1 Jan 1810.

Out house burgled
Citation details: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sun 2 Mar 1806 Page 2
Text:

"Friday night some person or persons broke into an out house belonging to Mrs. Marsh in Pitt's Row, and stole a firkin of butter that had been purchased the same evening, together with a box containing the servant's cloathing [sic], and sundry other articles."

Petition to Governor
Citation details: Memorials To The Governor, 1810-1826
Text:

"Received 12 Jan 1810"
"...The memorial of Rosetta Marsh
Most respectfully sets forth
that Your Excellency's memorialist came to this colony about eleven years ago a free woman, that she has three children helpless and unprovided which she has [illegible] to maintained and educated by her most persevering industry and by an equal share of industry is now possessed of a considerable number of horned cattle, breeding mares and other stock.
That your memorialist purchased a farm for the accommodation of her stock, which she found inadequate to the pasture ground required for her increasing stock and having nothing in view but the eventual benefit of her children three in number. She represented the case to Colonel Paterson who in consideration of her industry and the claim the children had for protection, granted to her one hundred and fifty acres of pasture land with a view still further to marriage your Excellency's memorialist on her industry.
That Your Excellency's memorialist receiving the land in trust for her three children [illegible] clearly appears by the grant thereof herewith produced, and from the encouragement that your memorialist had every reason to hope as a free woman she also applied for a portion of land, when Colonel Paterson condescended to allow her fifty acres as her deed herewith produced will certify.
Your memorialist indulges the hope that Your Excellency will be informed of the memorialist's unremitting attention to her family, her persevering industry and her extensive stock, and that it was under such circumstances alone that she received the land for herself and in trust for her children - circumstances she humbly trusts that will induce Your Excellency to continue her possession of the land granted to her on the conditions specify in this memorial as she obtained it without partiality or favour.
Most respectfully
R. Marsh"

Marriage
Text:

Samuel was an innkeeper at bachelor and Rosetta 'Madden' described herself as a widow.

Census
Citation details: p. 364
Text:

Terry, Samuel, 51, free by servitude, Earl Cornwallis, 1801, Protestant, merchant, 4 Pitt Street Sydney
Terry, Rosetta, 51, came free, Hillsborough, 1799, Protestant
Terry, John, 22, born in the colony
Terry, Edward, 19, born in the colony
Terry, Martha, 17, born in the colony

Death
Text:

Rosetta's personal weath excluding her land was valued at £27,000.

Burial
Text:

The Hughes and Terry family vault contains the remains of Rosetta and about ten of her family. When the Sydney railway was extended in 1901 the vault and contents were removed to the Necropolis at Rookwood. The plaque commemorating Rosetta had now been lost but was recorded in 1901 and reads:
POSETTA
THE KIND AND BELOVED RELICT
OF THE ABOVE SAMUEL TERRY
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE
SEPTEMBER THE 5TH 1858
AGED 89 YEARS