Robert Howe, 17951829 (aged 33 years)

Name
Robert /Howe/
Given names
Robert
Surname
Howe
Birth June 30, 1795 26
Immigration November 22, 1800 (aged 5 years)
Text:

In March 1799, together with a companion, Thomas Jones, and under the name of 'George Happy alias Happy George', George Howe was tried at the Warwick Assizes for shoplifting at Alcester; he was sentenced to death but this was commuted to transportation for life. Robert Howe later referred to Alexander McLeay as 'the benefactor of myself and my poor mother', and it was probably McLeay who enabled Howe's family to embark with him in the ship 'Royal Admiral'. He arrived in Sydney in Nov 1800, but his wife died on the voyage.

Not marriedElizabeth LeesView this family
about 1819 (aged 23 years)

Note: Robert Howe was described as 'dissipated' in his youth. He and Elizabeth Lees had a brief relationship resulting in the birth of Robert Charles Howe in about 1820.
MarriageAnn BirdView this family
December 17, 1821 (aged 26 years)
Text:

St Philips Church of England. Robert has in the same year inherited his father's printing and publishing business and ownership of the 'Sydney Gazette'. He was also granted his father's appointment as government printer and the associated lucrative government contracts. George Howes estate represented a sizeable inheritance, although it was partly tied up in a protracted legal battle with the children of his marriage to Sarah Wills, widow of the wealthy merchant Edward Mills. Ann Bird agreed to raise Robert's illegitimate child by Elizabeth Lees, Robert Charles Howe.

Text:

Ann Bird a spinster and daughter of Mrs Bird of Sydney was married to Robert Howe a bachelor of Sydney by the Rev. W. Cowper on 17 Dec 1821, the licence having been obtained 14 Dec 1821

Occupation
Publisher
before 1826 (aged 30 years)
Source: unknown
Text:

His early life of dissipation came to an end when he experienced a spiritual awakening and, in his own words, was 'wonderfully and mercifully visited by God and snatched from infamy in this world and Hell in the next'. He joined the group of Methodists who were working in Sydney, and their influence, particularly that of Rev. Ralph Mansfield, was apparent when he published 'The Australian Magazine'; or, 'Compendium of Religious, Literary, and Miscellaneous Intelligence', the first periodical to appear in Australia. The first number appeared in May 1821 and the publication continued until Sep 1822. Although his education had not been thorough, Robert continued to edit the Gazette which he had helped his father to publish, but the tone of the paper changed completely. Morality and religion became its main themes. In 1826 he published 'Wild Notes from the Lyre of a Native Minstrel', the first book of poems written by a colonial-born poet, Charles Tompson, whose work had already appeared in the Gazette.

Census November 1828 (aged 33 years)
Text:

Howe, Robert, 32, came free, R. Admiral, 1800, Protestant, editor Sydney Gazette, George Street Sydney Howe, Ann, 26, born in the colony Howe, Ann Wesley, 4, born in the colony Howe, Alfreda, 3, born in the colony Howe, Mary McLeay, 16m, born in the colony Howe, George Terry, 21, born in the colony Howe, Sarah, 27, born in the colony Howe, Sarah (Jun), 4, born in the colony Howe, George, 3, born in the colony Howe, Mary Ann, 2, born in the colony

Death January 29, 1829 (aged 33 years) Age: 34
Cause of death: Drowned
Citation details:

Sydney Gazette Sat 31 Jan 1829 p. 1

Text:

GAZETTE OFFICE, SYDNEY Saturday, January 31, 1829 It is with the deepest regret that the undersigned has to announce the untimely death of his highly esteemed Colleague, MR. ROBERT HOWE, who unfortunately drowned on Thursday Evening last, about 7 o'clock, by the upsetting of his Boat, near Pinchgut Island. The confusion which so socking a catastrophe may esily be supposed to have produced in this Establishment, will, it is hoped, render unnecessary any apology for the non-appearance of this Morning's GAZETTE; and to the same cause must be attributed the hasty and imperfect report which is now presented of that mournful event...

Citation details:

Colonial Times Friday 13 Feb 1829 p. 4

Text:

...His sudden death was occasioned by attempting to save his infant from drowning. It appears, the child being indisposed, he was recommended to try sea-bathing, as an effectual remedy of the little one's disorder. He had adopted the plan of towing the infant in a wicker basket alongside his pleasure boat. By some accident the rope that was attached to the basket broke, upon which the deceased jumped overboard, to rescue the babe, and it is supposed, on rising from his sudden immersion, his head must have struck the keel of the boat, or his person become entangled with the ropes (which must have been the case, having been a very excellent swimmer), for he rose no more! This unhappy incident having been witnessed by the second officer of a vessel in the harbour, he immediately plunged into the water, and rescued the infant from it's wretched father's fate...

Burial
Cemetery: Old Sydney Burial Ground
Citation details:

Sydney Gazette Thurday 5 Feb 1829

Text:

FUNERAL OF THE LATE ROBERT HOWE ESQ. The remains of this unfortunate, but we rejoyce to say, lamented Gentleman, were deposited, on the evening of Monday last, in the new burial ground. The first and greatest feeling in our community, on the death of Mr. Howe, was certainly not, as might have been expected from the peculiar circumstances in which he was placed, a political one: it was real sorrow and sympathy, and no mourning for a private individual will be more genuine for a long series of years. Not a face was to be seem in the streets in which gloom and sorrow were not conspicuous, and no individual to whom he was known felt otherwise than if he had experienced a domestic calamity - indeed it is no oratorial flourish to say, that the melancholy occurence which has taken place, has by the mere force of circumstances, smitten the whole community with sudden gloom, like the visitation of darkness... Shortly after the hour of three, on Monday, masses of people began to assemble themselves in the various streets through which it was supposed the funeral procession would pass...

Text:

Sarah HOWE died 5th July 1871 aged 74 years (Coffin plates noted): Robert HOWE Govt. Printer, born London 30th June 1795 and drowned off Fort Macquarie 29th January 1829 aged 34 years. also Anne died 17th Nov 1842 aged 40 (Wife of T.A. SALMON) and Widow of the above Robert HOWE also Robertus HOWE son of the above Robert & Anne HOWE also Sarah MORRIS mother of the above Sarah and and Ann HOWE. also George Terry HOWE died 6th April 1863 compositor of Campbell Street husband of Sarah HOWE

Family with parents
father
17691821
Birth: about 1769St Kitts, West Indies
Death: May 11, 1821Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
mother
Marriage
Marriage: about 1794
18 months
himself
17951829
Birth: June 30, 1795 26London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Death: January 29, 1829Sydney Harbour, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
younger sister
1797
Birth: November 20, 1797 28London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Death:
Father’s family with Elizabeth Hastings
father
17691821
Birth: about 1769St Kitts, West Indies
Death: May 11, 1821Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
step-mother
17851828
Birth: about 1785
Death: about 1828New South Wales, Australia
Not married
Not married: about 1802
15 months
half-brother
1803
Birth: April 2, 1803 34 18Port Jackson, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death:
2 years
half-sister
18051832
Birth: May 1, 1805 36 20Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 1832New Zealand
20 months
half-brother
Howe, George Terry (1806-1863)
18061863
Birth: December 18, 1806 37 21Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: April 6, 1863Chippendale, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
half-sister
18091811
Birth: 1809 40 24Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1811Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
half-sister
18101879
Birth: 1810 41 25Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1879Redfern, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Father’s family with Sarah Harding
father
17691821
Birth: about 1769St Kitts, West Indies
Death: May 11, 1821Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
step-mother
17761823
Birth: about 1776
Death: July 8, 1823Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: October 5, 1812
4 years
half-sister
18161880
Birth: 1816 47 40Liverpool, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 23, 1880Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
Family with Elizabeth Lees
himself
17951829
Birth: June 30, 1795 26London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Death: January 29, 1829Sydney Harbour, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
partner
Not married
Not married: about 1819
13 months
son
18201875
Birth: January 11, 1820 24Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: July 14, 1875Rylstone, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
Family with Ann Bird
himself
17951829
Birth: June 30, 1795 26London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Death: January 29, 1829Sydney Harbour, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
wife
18021842
Birth: about 1802 38 32Sydney Town, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 17, 1842New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: December 17, 1821Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
11 months
son
18221824
Birth: November 12, 1822 27 20Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: February 26, 1824Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
17 months
daughter
18241866
Birth: April 1, 1824 28 22Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: June 5, 1866
13 months
son
18251837
Birth: April 21, 1825 29 23Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1837Port Macquarie, Mid North Coast, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
daughter
18271885
Birth: April 29, 1827 31 25Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1885Canterbury, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
William Augustus Watt + Ann Bird
partner’s partner
1837
Birth:
Death: 1837Port Macquarie, Mid North Coast, New South Wales, Australia
wife
18021842
Birth: about 1802 38 32Sydney Town, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 17, 1842New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: February 9, 1836Port Macquarie, Mid North Coast, New South Wales, Australia
Thomas Armitage Salmon + Ann Bird
partner’s partner
18021879
Birth: 1802 27 30Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Death: March 30, 1879Alexandria, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
wife
18021842
Birth: about 1802 38 32Sydney Town, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 17, 1842New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: April 9, 1840Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
21 months
step-son
18411902
Birth: 1841 39 39New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1902Rylstone, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
step-daughter
18421917
Birth: 1842 40 40New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 4, 1917Queensland, Australia
BirthSmee, C.J. and Provis, J. Selkirk, comp., The 1788-1820 Association's Pioneer Register, second edition - volume I. Sydney, N.S.W., The Association, 1981
ImmigrationAustralian Dictionary of Biography. Online edition. [database - on-line]. Canberra: Australian National University, 2006
Text:

In March 1799, together with a companion, Thomas Jones, and under the name of 'George Happy alias Happy George', George Howe was tried at the Warwick Assizes for shoplifting at Alcester; he was sentenced to death but this was commuted to transportation for life. Robert Howe later referred to Alexander McLeay as 'the benefactor of myself and my poor mother', and it was probably McLeay who enabled Howe's family to embark with him in the ship 'Royal Admiral'. He arrived in Sydney in Nov 1800, but his wife died on the voyage.

MarriageAustralian Dictionary of Biography. Online edition. [database - on-line]. Canberra: Australian National University, 2006
Text:

St Philips Church of England. Robert has in the same year inherited his father's printing and publishing business and ownership of the 'Sydney Gazette'. He was also granted his father's appointment as government printer and the associated lucrative government contracts. George Howes estate represented a sizeable inheritance, although it was partly tied up in a protracted legal battle with the children of his marriage to Sarah Wills, widow of the wealthy merchant Edward Mills. Ann Bird agreed to raise Robert's illegitimate child by Elizabeth Lees, Robert Charles Howe.

MarriageUebel, Lesley, comp. Marriage licences granted to free persons 1813-1827. [CD-ROM]. the author: 2001
Text:

Ann Bird a spinster and daughter of Mrs Bird of Sydney was married to Robert Howe a bachelor of Sydney by the Rev. W. Cowper on 17 Dec 1821, the licence having been obtained 14 Dec 1821

Occupationunknown
Text:

His early life of dissipation came to an end when he experienced a spiritual awakening and, in his own words, was 'wonderfully and mercifully visited by God and snatched from infamy in this world and Hell in the next'. He joined the group of Methodists who were working in Sydney, and their influence, particularly that of Rev. Ralph Mansfield, was apparent when he published 'The Australian Magazine'; or, 'Compendium of Religious, Literary, and Miscellaneous Intelligence', the first periodical to appear in Australia. The first number appeared in May 1821 and the publication continued until Sep 1822. Although his education had not been thorough, Robert continued to edit the Gazette which he had helped his father to publish, but the tone of the paper changed completely. Morality and religion became its main themes. In 1826 he published 'Wild Notes from the Lyre of a Native Minstrel', the first book of poems written by a colonial-born poet, Charles Tompson, whose work had already appeared in the Gazette.

CensusCensus of New South Wales November 1828, ed. by Malcolm R. Sainty and Keith A. Johnson. Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1985 ie. 1980
Text:

Howe, Robert, 32, came free, R. Admiral, 1800, Protestant, editor Sydney Gazette, George Street Sydney Howe, Ann, 26, born in the colony Howe, Ann Wesley, 4, born in the colony Howe, Alfreda, 3, born in the colony Howe, Mary McLeay, 16m, born in the colony Howe, George Terry, 21, born in the colony Howe, Sarah, 27, born in the colony Howe, Sarah (Jun), 4, born in the colony Howe, George, 3, born in the colony Howe, Mary Ann, 2, born in the colony

DeathNational Library of Australia. Trove: one search...a wealth of information. [database on-line].
Citation details:

Sydney Gazette Sat 31 Jan 1829 p. 1

Text:

GAZETTE OFFICE, SYDNEY Saturday, January 31, 1829 It is with the deepest regret that the undersigned has to announce the untimely death of his highly esteemed Colleague, MR. ROBERT HOWE, who unfortunately drowned on Thursday Evening last, about 7 o'clock, by the upsetting of his Boat, near Pinchgut Island. The confusion which so socking a catastrophe may esily be supposed to have produced in this Establishment, will, it is hoped, render unnecessary any apology for the non-appearance of this Morning's GAZETTE; and to the same cause must be attributed the hasty and imperfect report which is now presented of that mournful event...

DeathNational Library of Australia. Trove: one search...a wealth of information. [database on-line].
Citation details:

Colonial Times Friday 13 Feb 1829 p. 4

Text:

...His sudden death was occasioned by attempting to save his infant from drowning. It appears, the child being indisposed, he was recommended to try sea-bathing, as an effectual remedy of the little one's disorder. He had adopted the plan of towing the infant in a wicker basket alongside his pleasure boat. By some accident the rope that was attached to the basket broke, upon which the deceased jumped overboard, to rescue the babe, and it is supposed, on rising from his sudden immersion, his head must have struck the keel of the boat, or his person become entangled with the ropes (which must have been the case, having been a very excellent swimmer), for he rose no more! This unhappy incident having been witnessed by the second officer of a vessel in the harbour, he immediately plunged into the water, and rescued the infant from it's wretched father's fate...

BurialNational Library of Australia. Trove: one search...a wealth of information. [database on-line].
Citation details:

Sydney Gazette Thurday 5 Feb 1829

Text:

FUNERAL OF THE LATE ROBERT HOWE ESQ. The remains of this unfortunate, but we rejoyce to say, lamented Gentleman, were deposited, on the evening of Monday last, in the new burial ground. The first and greatest feeling in our community, on the death of Mr. Howe, was certainly not, as might have been expected from the peculiar circumstances in which he was placed, a political one: it was real sorrow and sympathy, and no mourning for a private individual will be more genuine for a long series of years. Not a face was to be seem in the streets in which gloom and sorrow were not conspicuous, and no individual to whom he was known felt otherwise than if he had experienced a domestic calamity - indeed it is no oratorial flourish to say, that the melancholy occurence which has taken place, has by the mere force of circumstances, smitten the whole community with sudden gloom, like the visitation of darkness... Shortly after the hour of three, on Monday, masses of people began to assemble themselves in the various streets through which it was supposed the funeral procession would pass...

BurialJohnson, Keith A. Comp. Gravestone inscriptions, N.S.W. Volume 1. Sydney burial ground : Elizabeth and Devonshire Streets "The Sandhills' (Monuments relocated at Bunnerong) / compiled by Keith A. Johnson and Malcolm R. Sainty. n.p., the compilers, 1973
Text:

Sarah HOWE died 5th July 1871 aged 74 years (Coffin plates noted): Robert HOWE Govt. Printer, born London 30th June 1795 and drowned off Fort Macquarie 29th January 1829 aged 34 years. also Anne died 17th Nov 1842 aged 40 (Wife of T.A. SALMON) and Widow of the above Robert HOWE also Robertus HOWE son of the above Robert & Anne HOWE also Sarah MORRIS mother of the above Sarah and and Ann HOWE. also George Terry HOWE died 6th April 1863 compositor of Campbell Street husband of Sarah HOWE

Not married

Robert Howe was described as 'dissipated' in his youth. He and Elizabeth Lees had a brief relationship resulting in the birth of Robert Charles Howe in about 1820.