Thomas Frost, 17861862 (aged 76 years)

Name
Thomas Frost
Given names
Thomas
Surname
Frost
Birth January 26, 1786 34
Text:

He was not baptised at Wellington St. John's Church of England in 1786 or 1787. However, Humphries "History of Wellington" includes Independent and Baptist baptisms. Thomas appears under the Baptist records and it is stated he was born at Willand, Devon (on the day indicated by his gravestone), a son of Christopher Frost, (who also had a brother named Thomas). His birth entry was made by "Robert Day, Protestant Dissenting Minister" who also registered Thomas's sisters Rebecca and Ann, both also born at Willand. Christopher and Ann were used by Thomas and several generations of his descendants as Christian names (generally as second names).

Text:

Born 26 Jan 1786 Wellington Somerset to Christopher Frost and his wife Ann.

Immigration December 16, 1810 (aged 24 years)
Text:

Thomas Frost, one of 200 convicts transported on the ship 'Indian', July 1810. Sentence details: Convicted at Bucks. Assizes for a term of 14 years on 13 July 1807. Vessel: Indian. Date of Departure: July 1810. Place of Arrival: New South Wales.

Text:

The Public Records Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, hold records of him in their criminal registers: In 1807 Thomas Frost was residing in the parish of Farnham Royal in Buckinghamshire, England, when he was described as an agricultural labourer. How he came to be there, some distance from where he was born, is unknown. On Monday 13th April that year, during the day, he apparently entered a boardinghouse there owned by John Nash and stole gold coins and banknotes to the value of ninety nine pounds three shillings and sixpence, belonging to a Mr. John Nash.

Thomas Frost was arrested the next day and subsequently appeared before Magistrate Thomas Hibbert who committed him for trial on Monday 13th July 1807 at the Buckingham Summer Azzizes, held in the county town of Buckingham. Whilst awaiting trial he was held in His Majesty's Gaol in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, where the list of prisoners gave his age as 25 years (giving a birth year of 1782 but this may have been rounded up or down). He was not represented in court on the 13th July and offered no defence. However, as it was a jury trial we must assume that a plea of not guilty was entered. There were two judges present: Lord Ellenborough and Sir Nash Grose. The witnesses were John Nash, Thomas Clements, Lucy Cox & Joseph Devonshire. Thomas Frost was found guilty by the jury and sentenced to death. This was later commuted to transportation for 14 (?) years in the penal settlement in New South Wales (although the 1825 NSW Muster states he was only to serve 7 years after arrival).

On the 8th July 1810, the ship "Indian", built at Whitby in Yorkshire the previous year and weighing 522 tons, commenced loading 200 convicts and provisions for the voyage to the colony. Under her Captain, Andrew Barclay, the ship left England on the 18th July bound for Port Jackson via Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. There were 8 deaths during the 151 day voyage; the "Indian" landed 192 males at Sydney on the 16th December 1810.

Text:

The ship 'Indian' arrived in the colony 16 Dec 1810

Religious marriageSarah RopeView this family
March 14, 1815 (aged 29 years)
Text:

Thomas married on 14th March 1815 in Castlereagh Church, Sarah, daughter of 'First Fleeters' Anthony Rope and Sarah Pulley. Sarah Rope's brother Robert was reputed to have been the first white child born in Australia. See: The Australian Genealogist Vol.II, part 3, July 1936; and The Pioneers of Sydney Cove, p.87. The first publication quotes Robert's birth date as 5th September 1788 whilst the second states 5th November 1788 (which may in fact be a baptismal date).

Birth of a son
#1
George Purdy Frost
December 28, 1815 (aged 29 years)
Text:

Name: George P Rope Birth Date: 1815 Birth Place: New South Wales Registration Year: 1815 Registration Place: Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia Father: Thomas Rope Mother: Sarah Volume Number: V1815150 60

Birth of a son
#2
Henry Frost
December 26, 1817 (aged 31 years)
Property between 1810 and 1819 (aged 32 years)
Text:

Between 1810 and 1819 Thomas Frost was granted land in the Penrith area of New South Wales.

Birth of a daughter
#3
Mary Ann Frost
September 5, 1820 (aged 34 years)
Property between 1819 and 1822 (aged 35 years)
Text:

In 1819 a New South Wales Register of Inhabitants 1788-1819 was drawn up (now at the Public Record Office, Kew, Richmond, Surrey) and Thomas Frost "still in colony" was recorded as a Landholder.

In a Petition to the Governor of the Colony, Sir Thomas Brisbane, on 13th October 1822, Thomas declares that he is (now) a Free Man and cultivates a farm on the Nepean River where he has a herd of 125 cattle. He mentions that the previous Governor, General Macquarie, was pleased to grant him, Thomas, a further 50 acres of land at Bathurst and he now craves the Governor's consent to drive cattle across the mountains to that property for pasturage.

In the General Muster List of New South Wales 1823/4/5 (edited by C.J.Baxter, Sydney, 1999, p.202) we find Thomas Frost, FS (Free by Servitude), arrived on the 'Indian' in 1810, with 7 years to serve. His occupation 'landholder' at Evan. With him were his wife Sarah, and children George, Henry, Mary Ann, and Robert.

In 1828 the Colonial Government took their first major census, the original of which is today at the Public Records Office, at Kew, near Richmond in Surrey, England. Thomas Frost , aged 42 (giving a birth year of 1786), "Indian 1810" and his wife Sarah, aged 31 (correct), and five of their children appear on it. Although he himself was now only farming only 15 acres "all cleared and cultivated; with 3 horses and one cow", (he had given his larger farm to his sons - when his son George died he was described as a farmer) he was also described as the local "Constable" and "free of bond". When his son James Christopher was baptised (1835) Thomas was still described as a "Landholder." See also The Australian Genealogist October 1936, vol.II, part 4, p.63, where this is repeated.

Birth of a son
#4
Robert Frost
April 1, 1823 (aged 37 years)
Birth of a son
#5
John Thomas Frost
July 26, 1826 (aged 40 years)
Birth of a daughter
#6
Sarah Ann Frost
October 28, 1828 (aged 42 years)
Birth of a daughter
#7
Eliza Frost
July 24, 1829 (aged 43 years)
Text:

Name: Eliza Frost Gender: Female Baptism Age: 0 Birth Date: 24 Jul 1829 Baptism Date: 25 Oct 1829 Baptism Place: Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Residence Date: 1829 Residence Place: New South Wales, Australia Father: Thomas Frost Mother: Sarah FHL Film Number: 993950

Birth of a son
#8
William Frost
October 29, 1831 (aged 45 years)
Birth of a daughter
#9
Ann Frost
1833 (aged 46 years)
Birth of a son
#10
James Christopher Frost
March 27, 1835 (aged 49 years)
Baptism of a sonJames Christopher Frost
July 19, 1835 (aged 49 years)
Text:

Church of England

Marriage of a childGeorge Purdy FrostMary Ann LeversView this family
January 1, 1839 (aged 52 years)
Text:

V1839287 23B/1839 FROST GEORGE LEVIRS MARY A CD

Text:

Married at St Stephens. George and Mary had at least 4 children.

Marriage of a childHenry FrostAnn AldridgeView this family
July 31, 1839 (aged 53 years)
Text:

Married 31 Jul 1839 at Penrith. Henry and Ann had 11 children.

Text:

Name: Henry Frost Spouse Name: Ann Aldridge Marriage Date: 1839 Marriage Place: New South Wales Registration Place: Castlereagh, New South Wales Registration Year: 1839 Volume Number: V B

Birth of a daughter
#11
Rebecca Frost
November 28, 1842 (aged 56 years)
Marriage of a childHenry GraystockMary Ann FrostView this family
December 11, 1843 (aged 57 years)
Text:

Married at St Stephens Penrith. Mary and Henry had at least one child.

Marriage of a childRobert FrostMary Ann SimpsonView this family
1844 (aged 57 years)
Text:

They had 11 children

Text:

V184498 29/1844 FROST ROBERT SIMPSON MARY ANN MF V184426 10/1844 FROST ROBERT SIMPSON MARY A CB

Marriage of a childWilliam BarlowSarah Ann FrostView this family
1851 (aged 64 years)
Text:

Married at St Stephens. They had 8 children, of whom 4 survived.

Marriage of a childJohn Thomas FrostBridget McNamaraView this family
September 13, 1853 (aged 67 years)
Text:

Married at St Stephens

Death of a sonGeorge Purdy Frost
December 5, 1853 (aged 67 years)
Text:

Died 5 Dec 1853

Burial of a sonGeorge Purdy Frost
December 8, 1853 (aged 67 years)
Text:

His headstone states: George P. Frost died 5th December 1853 aged 38 years Oft as the bell solemn speaks the departure of a son Let each one ask himself am I prepared should I be called to die

The Penrith Parish Church Register for burials states that he was "George Purdy Frost, of Emu Plains, settler, died at the age of 38 years, and was buried on 8th December 1853. the service was conducted by Elizabeth Smith".

Marriage of a childWilliam FrostMary Ann RopeView this family
July 24, 1855 (aged 69 years)
Text:

Married at St Lawrence. Mary and William had 11 children

Marriage of a childJames Christopher FrostSarah PerrinView this family
April 28, 1856 (aged 70 years)
Text:

Married at St Stephens. At the time of her marriage Sarah was living with her mother at Penrith. James was living at Penrith. James and Sarah had 8 children

Death of a daughterMary Ann Frost
before 1862 (aged 75 years)

Marriage of a childGeorge Herbert DouglasRebecca FrostView this family
July 19, 1862 (aged 76 years)
Text:

Married at Presbyterian church, Penrith. Rebecca was described as a spinster residing at Penrith. George was described as a bachelor residing in St Marys parish, South Creek. He was a saddler.

Death October 13, 1862 (aged 76 years)
Text:

No 1862/005550 Died 13 Oct 1862 at Penrith Thomas Frost a pound keeper, male, age 90 Cause of death old age of 6 months duration Son of unknown, informant John Price, undertaker, Penrith Buried 15 Oct 1862 at Penrith Born England, 52 years in NSW Married NSW at age 43 to Sarah Rope Children of marriage George Henry 35 Mary Ann Robert 29 John 36 Sarah 26 William 31 Eliza James 27 Rebecca 30

Burial October 15, 1862 (2 days after death)
Text:

Buried at St Stephens. His gravestone was in 2011, still in good condition. His gravestone correctly states that his birthday was the 26th January. The year, however, is incorrect. Sacred to the Memory of THOMAS FROST Born January 26 1773 Died October 13 1862 Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord Stand off dear friend dry up your tears Here we must sleep till Christ appears And when He does we hope to rise Unto a life that never dies Also SARAH FROST Relict of the above Born March 22, 1799 Died August 17th 1882 Church register: Thomas Frost, Poundkeeper of Penrith was buried on 16th October 1862 aged 90 years. Service conducted by Elijah Smith. Sarah Frost aged 85 years of Penrith was buried in 18th August 1882

Family with parents
father
1752
Birth: about 1752
Death:
mother
Marriage
Marriage: August 23, 1777West Buckland, Somerset, England, United Kingdom
9 years
himself
17861862
Birth: January 26, 1786 34Willand, Devon, England, United Kingdom
Death: October 13, 1862Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Family with Sarah Rope
himself
17861862
Birth: January 26, 1786 34Willand, Devon, England, United Kingdom
Death: October 13, 1862Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
wife
17981882
Birth: March 1, 1798 39 37Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 17, 1882Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: March 14, 1815Castlereagh, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
10 months
son
18151853
Birth: December 28, 1815 29 17Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: December 5, 1853Emu Plains, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
son
18171885
Birth: December 26, 1817 31 19Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1885Brewarrina, Upper Western, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
daughter
18201862
Birth: September 5, 1820 34 22Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: before 1862
3 years
son
18231900
Birth: April 1, 1823 37 25Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 29, 1900Mudgee, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
son
18261898
Birth: July 26, 1826 40 28Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 22, 1898Mudgee, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
daughter
18281924
Birth: October 28, 1828 42 30Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 4, 1924Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
9 months
daughter
1829
Birth: July 24, 1829 43 31New South Wales, Australia
Death:
2 years
son
18311884
Birth: October 29, 1831 45 33Evan, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1884Orange, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
daughter
18331889
Birth: 1833 46 34Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1889
2 years
son
18351930
Birth: March 27, 1835 49 37Castlereagh, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 27, 1930Waterfall, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
8 years
daughter
18421920
Birth: November 28, 1842 56 44Penrith, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: May 8, 1920
BirthLauder-Frost, Gregory. 'Australian Royalty website', email message to Marion Purnell, Mar 19 2011
Text:

He was not baptised at Wellington St. John's Church of England in 1786 or 1787. However, Humphries "History of Wellington" includes Independent and Baptist baptisms. Thomas appears under the Baptist records and it is stated he was born at Willand, Devon (on the day indicated by his gravestone), a son of Christopher Frost, (who also had a brother named Thomas). His birth entry was made by "Robert Day, Protestant Dissenting Minister" who also registered Thomas's sisters Rebecca and Ann, both also born at Willand. Christopher and Ann were used by Thomas and several generations of his descendants as Christian names (generally as second names).

BirthChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Familysearch. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. [database on-line]: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2008
Text:

Born 26 Jan 1786 Wellington Somerset to Christopher Frost and his wife Ann.

ImmigrationState Library of Queensland. Convict Transportation Registers Database 1787-1867 [database on-line].
Text:

Thomas Frost, one of 200 convicts transported on the ship 'Indian', July 1810. Sentence details: Convicted at Bucks. Assizes for a term of 14 years on 13 July 1807. Vessel: Indian. Date of Departure: July 1810. Place of Arrival: New South Wales.

ImmigrationLauder-Frost, Gregory. 'Australian Royalty website', email message to Marion Purnell, Mar 19 2011
Text:

The Public Records Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, hold records of him in their criminal registers: In 1807 Thomas Frost was residing in the parish of Farnham Royal in Buckinghamshire, England, when he was described as an agricultural labourer. How he came to be there, some distance from where he was born, is unknown. On Monday 13th April that year, during the day, he apparently entered a boardinghouse there owned by John Nash and stole gold coins and banknotes to the value of ninety nine pounds three shillings and sixpence, belonging to a Mr. John Nash.

Thomas Frost was arrested the next day and subsequently appeared before Magistrate Thomas Hibbert who committed him for trial on Monday 13th July 1807 at the Buckingham Summer Azzizes, held in the county town of Buckingham. Whilst awaiting trial he was held in His Majesty's Gaol in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, where the list of prisoners gave his age as 25 years (giving a birth year of 1782 but this may have been rounded up or down). He was not represented in court on the 13th July and offered no defence. However, as it was a jury trial we must assume that a plea of not guilty was entered. There were two judges present: Lord Ellenborough and Sir Nash Grose. The witnesses were John Nash, Thomas Clements, Lucy Cox & Joseph Devonshire. Thomas Frost was found guilty by the jury and sentenced to death. This was later commuted to transportation for 14 (?) years in the penal settlement in New South Wales (although the 1825 NSW Muster states he was only to serve 7 years after arrival).

On the 8th July 1810, the ship "Indian", built at Whitby in Yorkshire the previous year and weighing 522 tons, commenced loading 200 convicts and provisions for the voyage to the colony. Under her Captain, Andrew Barclay, the ship left England on the 18th July bound for Port Jackson via Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. There were 8 deaths during the 151 day voyage; the "Indian" landed 192 males at Sydney on the 16th December 1810.

ImmigrationBateson, Charles. The convict ships 1787-1868. 2nd ed. Glasgow : Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd., 1985 ie 1969
Text:

The ship 'Indian' arrived in the colony 16 Dec 1810

MarriageLauder-Frost, Gregory. 'Australian Royalty website', email message to Marion Purnell, Mar 19 2011
Text:

Thomas married on 14th March 1815 in Castlereagh Church, Sarah, daughter of 'First Fleeters' Anthony Rope and Sarah Pulley. Sarah Rope's brother Robert was reputed to have been the first white child born in Australia. See: The Australian Genealogist Vol.II, part 3, July 1936; and The Pioneers of Sydney Cove, p.87. The first publication quotes Robert's birth date as 5th September 1788 whilst the second states 5th November 1788 (which may in fact be a baptismal date).

PropertyLauder-Frost, Gregory. 'Australian Royalty website', email message to Marion Purnell, Mar 19 2011
Text:

Between 1810 and 1819 Thomas Frost was granted land in the Penrith area of New South Wales.

PropertyLauder-Frost, Gregory. 'Australian Royalty website', email message to Marion Purnell, Mar 19 2011
Text:

In 1819 a New South Wales Register of Inhabitants 1788-1819 was drawn up (now at the Public Record Office, Kew, Richmond, Surrey) and Thomas Frost "still in colony" was recorded as a Landholder.

In a Petition to the Governor of the Colony, Sir Thomas Brisbane, on 13th October 1822, Thomas declares that he is (now) a Free Man and cultivates a farm on the Nepean River where he has a herd of 125 cattle. He mentions that the previous Governor, General Macquarie, was pleased to grant him, Thomas, a further 50 acres of land at Bathurst and he now craves the Governor's consent to drive cattle across the mountains to that property for pasturage.

In the General Muster List of New South Wales 1823/4/5 (edited by C.J.Baxter, Sydney, 1999, p.202) we find Thomas Frost, FS (Free by Servitude), arrived on the 'Indian' in 1810, with 7 years to serve. His occupation 'landholder' at Evan. With him were his wife Sarah, and children George, Henry, Mary Ann, and Robert.

In 1828 the Colonial Government took their first major census, the original of which is today at the Public Records Office, at Kew, near Richmond in Surrey, England. Thomas Frost , aged 42 (giving a birth year of 1786), "Indian 1810" and his wife Sarah, aged 31 (correct), and five of their children appear on it. Although he himself was now only farming only 15 acres "all cleared and cultivated; with 3 horses and one cow", (he had given his larger farm to his sons - when his son George died he was described as a farmer) he was also described as the local "Constable" and "free of bond". When his son James Christopher was baptised (1835) Thomas was still described as a "Landholder." See also The Australian Genealogist October 1936, vol.II, part 4, p.63, where this is repeated.

DeathSmee, C.J. and Provis, J. Selkirk, comp., The 1788-1820 Association's Pioneer Register, second edition - volume I. Sydney, N.S.W., The Association, 1981
DeathDocument - Death Certificate
Text:

No 1862/005550 Died 13 Oct 1862 at Penrith Thomas Frost a pound keeper, male, age 90 Cause of death old age of 6 months duration Son of unknown, informant John Price, undertaker, Penrith Buried 15 Oct 1862 at Penrith Born England, 52 years in NSW Married NSW at age 43 to Sarah Rope Children of marriage George Henry 35 Mary Ann Robert 29 John 36 Sarah 26 William 31 Eliza James 27 Rebecca 30

BurialLauder-Frost, Gregory. 'Australian Royalty website', email message to Marion Purnell, Mar 19 2011
Text:

Buried at St Stephens. His gravestone was in 2011, still in good condition. His gravestone correctly states that his birthday was the 26th January. The year, however, is incorrect. Sacred to the Memory of THOMAS FROST Born January 26 1773 Died October 13 1862 Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord Stand off dear friend dry up your tears Here we must sleep till Christ appears And when He does we hope to rise Unto a life that never dies Also SARAH FROST Relict of the above Born March 22, 1799 Died August 17th 1882 Church register: Thomas Frost, Poundkeeper of Penrith was buried on 16th October 1862 aged 90 years. Service conducted by Elijah Smith. Sarah Frost aged 85 years of Penrith was buried in 18th August 1882