Francis Oakes, 17701844 (aged 73 years)

Name
Francis Oakes
Given names
Francis
Surname
Oakes
Birth April 15, 1770
Immigration May 14, 1798 (aged 28 years)
Text:

A shoemaker by trade and a member of the Congregational Church, he volunteered as an artisan missionary to go to the South Seas in the ship 'Duff' in 1796. He was stationed at Tahiti and was one of those who decided to leave the mission with Rev. James Cover. On arriving in Sydney in 1798 aboard the ship 'Nautilus' he accepted a grant of 100 acres (40 ha) at Dundas and virtually abandoned his missionary vocation. He was one of the missionaries referred to by contemporaries as having dishonoured his calling by moral defection, though he later supported religious work in the colony.

Text:

In 1799 Governor Hunter made a land grant of 100 acres to Francis, which he called 'Langford Farm' and in 1804 added 50 acres adjoining and began farming there. He also built a home in Parramatta on the corner of the present Church and Phillip Streets. The Sydney Gazette of 15 Jan 1804 reported how a fire had broken out on his farm (at Pendant Hills) and destroyed a barn containing much produce. In 1805 he was appointed Chief Constable for Parramatta. This led him to involvement with the Macarthur-Bligh wrangle and the rum racket, and also an absence of 2 years in England as witness for Bligh and Lieutenant-Colonel Johnston's court-martial in 1810-11.

Religious marriageRebecca SmallView this family
January 27, 1806 (aged 35 years)
Citation details:

1806 p. 49 no. 185

Text:

Francis Oakes of the parish of St John's Parramatta and Rebecca Small of ditto were married in this church by permission of His Excellency Governor King this twenty seventh day of January in the year one thousand eight hundred and six by me Samuel Marsden Both Francis and Rebecca signed the register In the presence of Rowland Hassall and Hannah Crook who also signed the register

Birth of a daughter
#1
Elizabeth Oakes
1806 (aged 35 years)
Text:
548/1806 V1806548 148	OAKES	ELIZABETH	FRANCIS	REBECCA
Birth of a daughter
#2
Ann Oakes
September 6, 1808 (aged 38 years)
Birth of a daughter
#3
Mary Oakes
August 24, 1810 (aged 40 years)
Text:

2295/1810 V18102295 1A OAKS MARY FRANCIS REBECCA 679/1810 V1810679 148 OAKS MARY FRANCIS REBECCA

Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 58, 1811

Text:

Mary daughter of Francis and Rebecca Oaks was born Aug 24 1810 and christened 13 Jan 1811 registered Jan 16 by me Samuel Marsden

Christening of a daughterMary Oakes
January 13, 1811 (aged 40 years)
Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 58, 1811

Text:

Mary daughter of Francis and Rebecca Oaks was born Aug 24 1810 and christened 13 Jan 1811 registered Jan 16 by me Samuel Marsden

Birth of a son
#4
George Oakes
1813 (aged 42 years)
Text:

859/1813 V1813859 148 OAKES GEORGE FRANCES REBECCA

Birth of a daughter
#5
Rebecca Oakes
1815 (aged 44 years)
Text:

943/1815 V1815943 148 OAKES REBECCA FRANCIS REBECCA

Birth of a daughter
#6
Susannah Hassall Oakes
September 25, 1816 (aged 46 years)
Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 93, 1817

Text:

Susanah Hassall daughter of Francis and Mary [sic] Oakes was born 25 Sep 1816 and christened Apr 2 1817 registered same day by me Joseph Kenyon

Christening of a daughterSusannah Hassall Oakes
April 2, 1817 (aged 46 years)
Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 93, 1817

Text:

Susanah Hassall daughter of Francis and Mary [sic] Oakes was born 25 Sep 1816 and christened Apr 2 1817 registered same day by me Joseph Kenyon

Birth of a son
#7
Francis Rowland Oakes
March 13, 1818 (aged 47 years)
Text:

1119/1818 V18181119 148 OAKES FRANCIS FRANCIS REBECCA

Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 102, 1818

Text:

Francis Oakes son of Francis and Rebecca Oakes of Parramatta was born 13 Mar 1818 and christened 15 Dec 1818 registered same day by me Joseph Kenyon

Christening of a sonFrancis Rowland Oakes
December 15, 1818 (aged 48 years)
Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 102, 1818

Text:

Francis Oakes son of Francis and Rebecca Oakes of Parramatta was born 13 Mar 1818 and christened 15 Dec 1818 registered same day by me Joseph Kenyon

Birth of a daughter
#8
Lucy Oakes
November 2, 1819 (aged 49 years)
Text:

1191/1819 V18191191 148 OAKES LUCY FRANCIS REBECCA

Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 108, 1820

Text:

Lucy Oakes daughter of Francis and Rebecca Oakes of Parramatta was born Nov 2 1819 and christened Jul 7 1820 registered same day by me Joseph Kenyon

Christening of a daughterLucy Oakes
July 7, 1820 (aged 50 years)
Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 108, 1820

Text:

Lucy Oakes daughter of Francis and Rebecca Oakes of Parramatta was born Nov 2 1819 and christened Jul 7 1820 registered same day by me Joseph Kenyon

Birth of a son
#9
Rowland Hassall Oakes
1821 (aged 50 years)
Text:

1355/1821 V18211355 148 OAKES ROWLAND H FRANCIS REBECCA

Birth of a son
#10
Samuel Oakes
October 22, 1821 (aged 51 years)
Death of a sonSamuel Oakes
November 9, 1822 (aged 52 years)
Birth of a son
#11
James Lawry Oakes
September 13, 1824 (aged 54 years)
Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 143, 1825

Text:

James Lawry son of Francis and Rebecca Oakes was born 13 Sep 1824 and christened 20 Feb 1825 registered same day by me Thomas Hassall assistant chaplain

Christening of a sonJames Lawry Oakes
February 20, 1825 (aged 54 years)
Citation details:

Vol 01, Baptisms, 1790-1825; Marriages, 1789-1823; Burials, 1790-1825; p. 143, 1825

Text:

James Lawry son of Francis and Rebecca Oakes was born 13 Sep 1824 and christened 20 Feb 1825 registered same day by me Thomas Hassall assistant chaplain

Marriage of a childJohn HutchinsonMary OakesView this family
May 2, 1826 (aged 56 years)
Citation details:

Vol 02, Baptisms, 1826-1834; Marriages, 1826-1834; Burials, 1826-1834, p.5, 1826, no. 18

Text:

John Hutchinson. bachelor of the parish of Parramatta and Mary Oakes, spinster of the parish of Parramatta were married in this church by special license with consent of parents this 2nd day of May 1826 by me Samuel Marsden John and Mary both signed the register in the presence of J. Oakes of Parramatta, E. Oakes of Parramatta and Samuel Leigh who all signed the register

Birth of a son
#12
John Leigh Oakes
May 6, 1826 (aged 56 years)
Text:

7528/1826 V18267528 1C OAKS JOHN L FRANCIS REBECCA

Citation details:

Vol 02, Baptisms, 1826-1834; Marriages, 1826-1834; Burials, 1826-1834; 1826, no. 37

Text:

Born May 6 1826 Baptised Jun 28 1826 John Leigh son of Francis and Rebecca Oakes, a farmer of Parramatta according to the birth certificate rec. Samuel Leigh transmitted to me Jun 27 1826, Samuel Marsden

Baptism of a sonJohn Leigh Oakes
June 28, 1826 (aged 56 years)
Citation details:

Vol 02, Baptisms, 1826-1834; Marriages, 1826-1834; Burials, 1826-1834; 1826, no. 37

Text:

Born May 6 1826 Baptised Jun 28 1826 John Leigh son of Francis and Rebecca Oakes, a farmer of Parramatta according to the birth certificate rec. Samuel Leigh transmitted to me Jun 27 1826, Samuel Marsden

Marriage of a childJohn ArmstrongElizabeth OakesView this family
September 1826 (aged 56 years)
Text:

Married 26 Sep 1826 Parramatta, St Johns

Text:

Married 19 Sep 1826 by Rev. Samuel Marsden at Parramatta, John Armstrong of Port Stephens a bachelor and Elizabeth Oakes daughter of Frances Oakes of Parramatta, spinster. Licence granted 15 Sep 1826

Citation details:

Sydney Gazette Sat 30 Sep 1826 p. 3

Text:

On Tuesday se'nnight, at Parramatta, by the Rev. Mr. Marsden, Mr. Armstrong, Surveyor to the Australian Agricultural Company, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mr. Francis Oakes, of Parramatta

Birth of a daughter
#13
Martha Oakes
June 9, 1828 (aged 58 years)
Citation details:

Vol 02, Baptisms, 1826-1834; Marriages, 1826-1834; Burials, 1826-1834; p. 28, 1830; no. 407

Text:

Born 9 Jun 1828 Baptised 4 May 1830 Martha daughter of Francis and Rebecca Oakes of Parramatta a gentleman William Yate officiating minister

Census November 1828 (aged 58 years)
Text:

Oakes, Francis, 59, came free, Norclus [sic], 1798, householder, Parramatta, 1250 acres, 50 acres cleared, 6 acres cultivated, 23 horses, 60 horned cattle Oakes, Rebecca Sr. 40 born in the colony Oakes, Anne 20, born in the colony Oakes, George, 15, born in the colony Oakes, Rebecca Jr., born in the colony Oakes, Susannah, 12, born in the colony Oakes, Francis Jr., born in the colony Oakes, Rowland, 8, born in the colony Oakes, James, 5, born in the colony Oakes, John, 2 and a half, born in the colony Oakes, martha, 5 months, born in the colony

Death of a daughterLucy Oakes
December 25, 1828 (aged 58 years)
Burial of a daughterLucy Oakes
January 10, 1829 (aged 58 years)
Cemetery: St Johns Cemetery
Text:

To the Memory of SAMUEL OAKES son of FRANCIS & REBECCA OAKES who departed this life Nov the 8th 1822 Aged 17 days Also LUCY OAKES Died 25th Decbr. 1828. Aged 9 years JOHN LEIGH OAKES Born at Parramatta 6th May 1826 Died at Parramatta 27th April 1901

[WEST FACE] (Bronze plaque) In Loving Memory of FRANCIS OAKES hsuband of REBECCA (nee SMALL) Born 15-4-1770 England Died 15-2-1844 Parramatta Arrived Tahiti 1796 London Missionary Ship 'Duff' Landed Sydney Cove early 1798 'Nautilus' Appointed Chief Constable Parramatta 1805 by Governor King

Burial register: Francis Oakes, Parramatta, 17-2-1844, 74 yrs. Gentleman Thomas Hassall Oakes, Parramatta, 10-11-1822 Lucy Oakes, Died at Port Stephens, Dec 24th 10-1-1829. 9 yrs 9 mths. Free.

Baptism of a daughterMartha Oakes
May 4, 1830 (aged 60 years)
Citation details:

Vol 02, Baptisms, 1826-1834; Marriages, 1826-1834; Burials, 1826-1834; p. 28, 1830; no. 407

Text:

Born 9 Jun 1828 Baptised 4 May 1830 Martha daughter of Francis and Rebecca Oakes of Parramatta a gentleman William Yate officiating minister

Birth of a son
#14
William Henry Oakes
August 9, 1831 (aged 61 years)
Text:

Born 9 Aug 1831 and baptised 10 Aug 1832 William Henry son of Francis and Rebecca Oakes a farmer of Parramatta Samuel Marsden officiating minister

Marriage of a childJohn George RichardsonRebecca OakesView this family
November 2, 1833 (aged 63 years)
Address: St Johns
Citation details:

Sydney Herald Mon 4 Nov 1833 p. 2

Text:

MARRIED. - On Saturday last, at Parramatta, by the Rev. Mr. M'Garvie, Mr. John George Richardson, of Pitt-street, Sydney, to Miss Rebecca Oakes of Parramatta

Marriage of a childWilliam ByrnesAnn OakesView this family
December 6, 1834 (aged 64 years)
Address: St Johns
Citation details:

Vol 02, Baptisms, 1826-1834; Marriages, 1826-1834; Burials, 1826-1834; p. 126, 1834, no. 503

Text:

William Byrnes 21 years, of the parish of Parramatta and Ann Oakes 23 years of the parish of Parramatta were married in this church by license this 6th day of December 1834 by me R. Forrest William and Ann both signed the register in the presence of Francis Oakes, James Byrnes and Susanna Oakes who also signed the register

Marriage of a childGeorge OakesMary Ann ShelleyView this family
1837 (aged 66 years)
Text:

436/1837 V1837436 150 OAKES GEORGE SHELLEY MARY A CB

Death February 15, 1844 (aged 73 years)
Citation details:

Sydney Morning Herald Saturday 17 Feb 1844

Text:

DEATHS. At his residence, Parramatta, on the 15th instant, aged seventy-four, Francis Oakes, Esq., one of the oldest colonists, having arrived about forty-four years ago. He was one of the original body of missionaries sent out per the ship 'Duff', in the year 1797, for the Society Islands, by the London Missionary Society. Being driven thence, with several of his colleages, by the persecutions of the natives, he settled at Parramatta about the commencement of the present century, and for many years held successive various confidential situations under the colonial government. It is an interesting historical fact, that Mr. Oakes married the first female born in New South Wales of British parents, his lady being also either the first of the second Anglo-Australian that ever was married. Their progeny of children and grandchildren is very numerous.

Citation details:

p. 67

Text:

Oakes can be remembered as one of the few Australians whose effigy has been publicly burnt: when Bligh was arrested in 1808 his effigy was burnt in Sydney on Church Hill and one of Oakes likewise was set ablaze on the river bank at Parramatta by supporters of the NSW Corps.

Burial February 17, 1844 (2 days after death)
Cemetery: St Johns Cemetery
Text:

To the Memory of SAMUEL OAKES son of FRANCIS & REBECCA OAKES who departed this life Nov the 8th 1822 Aged 17 days Also LUCY OAKES Died 25th Decbr. 1828. Aged 9 years JOHN LEIGH OAKES Born at Parramatta 6th May 1826 Died at Parramatta 27th April 1901

[WEST FACE] (Bronze plaque) In Loving Memory of FRANCIS OAKES hsuband of REBECCA (nee SMALL) Born 15-4-1770 England Died 15-2-1844 Parramatta Arrived Tahiti 1796 London Missionary Ship 'Duff' Landed Sydney Cove early 1798 'Nautilus' Appointed Chief Constable Parramatta 1805 by Governor King

Burial register: Francis Oakes, Parramatta, 17-2-1844, 74 yrs. Gentleman Thomas Hassall Oakes, Parramatta, 10-11-1822 Lucy Oakes, Died at Port Stephens, Dec 24th 10-1-1829. 9 yrs 9 mths. Free.

Family with Rebecca Small
himself
17701844
Birth: April 15, 1770Foleshill, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
Death: February 15, 1844Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
wife
17891883
Birth: September 22, 1789 28 30Sydney Cove, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: January 30, 1883Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Marriage
Marriage: January 27, 1806Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
11 months
daughter
18061889
Birth: 1806 35 16New South Wales, Australia
Death: October 18, 1889Woollahra, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
daughter
18081880
Birth: September 6, 1808 38 18Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: October 5, 1880Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
daughter
18101880
Birth: August 24, 1810 40 20New South Wales, Australia
Death: February 19, 1880North Hobart, South East, Tasmania, Australia
3 years
son
18131881
Birth: 1813 42 23New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 10, 1881Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
daughter
18151904
Birth: 1815 44 25New South Wales, Australia
Death: December 5, 1904London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
21 months
daughter
18161907
Birth: September 25, 1816 46 27New South Wales, Australia
Death: January 10, 1907Hobart, South East, Tasmania, Australia
18 months
son
18181866
Birth: March 13, 1818 47 28New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 5, 1866Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
20 months
daughter
18191828
Birth: November 2, 1819 49 30New South Wales, Australia
Death: December 25, 1828Port Stephens, Hunter, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
son
18211888
Birth: 1821 50 31New South Wales, Australia
Death: April 20, 1888Rockley, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
10 months
son
18211822
Birth: October 22, 1821 51 32Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 9, 1822Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
son
18241853
Birth: September 13, 1824 54 34Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 27, 1853Bathurst, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
20 months
son
18261901
Birth: May 6, 1826 56 36New South Wales, Australia
Death: April 27, 1901Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 years
daughter
18281910
Birth: June 9, 1828 58 38Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 26, 1910Forbes, Central Western Slopes and Plains, New South Wales, Australia
3 years
son
18311881
Birth: August 9, 1831 61 41Parramatta, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Death: 1881Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
BirthSmee, C.J. and Provis, J. Selkirk, comp., The 1788-1820 Association's Pioneer Register, second edition - volume I. Sydney, N.S.W., The Association, 1981
ImmigrationAustralian Dictionary of Biography. Online edition. [database - on-line]. Canberra: Australian National University, 2006
Text:

A shoemaker by trade and a member of the Congregational Church, he volunteered as an artisan missionary to go to the South Seas in the ship 'Duff' in 1796. He was stationed at Tahiti and was one of those who decided to leave the mission with Rev. James Cover. On arriving in Sydney in 1798 aboard the ship 'Nautilus' he accepted a grant of 100 acres (40 ha) at Dundas and virtually abandoned his missionary vocation. He was one of the missionaries referred to by contemporaries as having dishonoured his calling by moral defection, though he later supported religious work in the colony.

ImmigrationHornsby Shire Historical Society (comp). Pioneers of Hornsby Shire, 1788-1906 : a history / compiled by the Research Committee of the Hornsby Shire Historical Society. Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1979
Text:

In 1799 Governor Hunter made a land grant of 100 acres to Francis, which he called 'Langford Farm' and in 1804 added 50 acres adjoining and began farming there. He also built a home in Parramatta on the corner of the present Church and Phillip Streets. The Sydney Gazette of 15 Jan 1804 reported how a fire had broken out on his farm (at Pendant Hills) and destroyed a barn containing much produce. In 1805 he was appointed Chief Constable for Parramatta. This led him to involvement with the Macarthur-Bligh wrangle and the rum racket, and also an absence of 2 years in England as witness for Bligh and Lieutenant-Colonel Johnston's court-martial in 1810-11.

MarriageAncestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, St. John's Parramatta, Marriages, 1790-1966 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.
Citation details:

1806 p. 49 no. 185

Text:

Francis Oakes of the parish of St John's Parramatta and Rebecca Small of ditto were married in this church by permission of His Excellency Governor King this twenty seventh day of January in the year one thousand eight hundred and six by me Samuel Marsden Both Francis and Rebecca signed the register In the presence of Rowland Hassall and Hannah Crook who also signed the register

CensusAncestry.com. 1828 New South Wales, Australia Census (TNA Copy) [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Text:

Oakes, Francis, 59, came free, Norclus [sic], 1798, householder, Parramatta, 1250 acres, 50 acres cleared, 6 acres cultivated, 23 horses, 60 horned cattle Oakes, Rebecca Sr. 40 born in the colony Oakes, Anne 20, born in the colony Oakes, George, 15, born in the colony Oakes, Rebecca Jr., born in the colony Oakes, Susannah, 12, born in the colony Oakes, Francis Jr., born in the colony Oakes, Rowland, 8, born in the colony Oakes, James, 5, born in the colony Oakes, John, 2 and a half, born in the colony Oakes, martha, 5 months, born in the colony

DeathSmee, C.J. and Provis, J. Selkirk, comp., The 1788-1820 Association's Pioneer Register, second edition - volume I. Sydney, N.S.W., The Association, 1981
DeathNational Library of Australia. Trove: one search...a wealth of information. [database on-line].
Citation details:

Sydney Morning Herald Saturday 17 Feb 1844

Text:

DEATHS. At his residence, Parramatta, on the 15th instant, aged seventy-four, Francis Oakes, Esq., one of the oldest colonists, having arrived about forty-four years ago. He was one of the original body of missionaries sent out per the ship 'Duff', in the year 1797, for the Society Islands, by the London Missionary Society. Being driven thence, with several of his colleages, by the persecutions of the natives, he settled at Parramatta about the commencement of the present century, and for many years held successive various confidential situations under the colonial government. It is an interesting historical fact, that Mr. Oakes married the first female born in New South Wales of British parents, his lady being also either the first of the second Anglo-Australian that ever was married. Their progeny of children and grandchildren is very numerous.

DeathHornsby Shire Historical Society (comp). Pioneers of Hornsby Shire, 1788-1906 : a history / compiled by the Research Committee of the Hornsby Shire Historical Society. Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1979
Citation details:

p. 67

Text:

Oakes can be remembered as one of the few Australians whose effigy has been publicly burnt: when Bligh was arrested in 1808 his effigy was burnt in Sydney on Church Hill and one of Oakes likewise was set ablaze on the river bank at Parramatta by supporters of the NSW Corps.

BurialDunn, Judith, The Parramatta cemeteries: St John's. Parramatta: Parramatta and District Historical Society, 1991
Text:

To the Memory of SAMUEL OAKES son of FRANCIS & REBECCA OAKES who departed this life Nov the 8th 1822 Aged 17 days Also LUCY OAKES Died 25th Decbr. 1828. Aged 9 years JOHN LEIGH OAKES Born at Parramatta 6th May 1826 Died at Parramatta 27th April 1901

[WEST FACE] (Bronze plaque) In Loving Memory of FRANCIS OAKES hsuband of REBECCA (nee SMALL) Born 15-4-1770 England Died 15-2-1844 Parramatta Arrived Tahiti 1796 London Missionary Ship 'Duff' Landed Sydney Cove early 1798 'Nautilus' Appointed Chief Constable Parramatta 1805 by Governor King

Burial register: Francis Oakes, Parramatta, 17-2-1844, 74 yrs. Gentleman Thomas Hassall Oakes, Parramatta, 10-11-1822 Lucy Oakes, Died at Port Stephens, Dec 24th 10-1-1829. 9 yrs 9 mths. Free.